Home > 2019, 38(10) > Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages and its controlling factors in spring and summer in the Subei Shoal of Yellow Sea, China

Citation: Yuanzi HUO, Honghua SHI, Jianheng ZHANG, Qiao LIU, Yuanliang DUAN, Qing HE, Kefeng YU, Hongsheng BI, Chunlei Fan, Peimin HE. Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages and its controlling factors in spring and summer in the Subei Shoal of Yellow Sea, China. ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(10): 84-92. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1345-2

2019, 38(10): 84-92. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1345-2

Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages and its controlling factors in spring and summer in the Subei Shoal of Yellow Sea, China

1.  College of Marine Ecology and Environment, Shanghai Ocean University, Shanghai 201306, China
2.  Chesapeake Biological Laboratory, University of Maryland Center for Environmental Science, Solomons, MD 20688, USA
3.  First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China
4.  Biology Department, Patuxent Environmental & Aquatic Research Laboratory, Morgan State University, Saint Leonard, MD 20685, USA

Corresponding author: Yuanzi HUO, yzhuo@shou.edu.cn

Received Date: 2018-06-21
Web Publishing Date: 2019-10-01

Fund Project: The Public Science and Technology Research Funds Projects of the Ocean under contract Nos 201205010 and 201205009-5; the National Science & Technology Pillar Program under contract No. 2012BAC07B03; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41206111; the Chinese Science and Technology Base Projects under contract No. 2012FY112500; the Shanghai Universities First-class Disciplines Project (Disapline name: Marine Science (0707)); the Plateau Peak Disciplines Project of Shanghai Universities (Marine Science 0707).

The Subei Shoal is a special coastal area with complex physical oceanographic properties in the Yellow Sea. In the present study, the distribution of phytoplankton and its correlation with environmental factors were studied during spring and summer of 2012 in the Subei Shoal of the Yellow Sea. Phytoplankton species composition and abundance data were accomplished by Utermöhl method. Diatoms represented the greatest cellular abundance during the study period. In spring, the phytoplankton cell abundance ranged from 1.59×103 to 269.78×103 cell/L with an average of 41.80×103 cell/L, and Skeletonema sp. and Paralia sulcata was the most dominant species. In summer, the average phytoplankton cell abundance was 72.59×103 cell/L with the range of 1.78×103 to 574.96×103 cell/L, and the main dominant species was Pseudo-nitzschia pungens, Skeletonema sp., Dactyliosolen fragilissima and Chaetoceros curvisetus. The results of a redundancy analysis (RDA) showed that turbidity, temperature, salinity, pH, dissolved oxygen (DO), the ratio of dissolved inorganic nitrogen to silicate and SiO4-Si (DIN/SiO4-Si) were the most important environmental factors controlling phytoplankton assemblages in spring or summer in the Subei Shoal of the Yellow Sea.

Key words: phytoplankton , Subei Shoal , eutrophication , turbidity , harmful algae blooms , Yellow Sea

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Spatio-temporal variability of phytoplankton assemblages and its controlling factors in spring and summer in the Subei Shoal of Yellow Sea, China

Yuanzi HUO, Honghua SHI, Jianheng ZHANG, Qiao LIU, Yuanliang DUAN, Qing HE, Kefeng YU, Hongsheng BI, Chunlei Fan, Peimin HE