Home > 2019, 38(5) > Deep learning classification of coastal wetland hyperspectral image combined spectra and texture features: A case study of Huanghe (Yellow) River Estuary wetland

Citation: Yabin HU, Jie ZHANG, Yi Ma, Xiaomin LI, Qinpei SUN, Jubai AN. Deep learning classification of coastal wetland hyperspectral image combined spectra and texture features: A case study of Huanghe (Yellow) River Estuary wetland. ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA, 2019, 38(5): 142-150. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1445-z

2019, 38(5): 142-150. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1445-z

Deep learning classification of coastal wetland hyperspectral image combined spectra and texture features: A case study of Huanghe (Yellow) River Estuary wetland

1.  Information Science and Technology College, Dalian Maritime University, Dalian 116026, China
2.  First Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources, Qingdao 266061, China
3.  College of Surveying Science and Engineering, Shandong University of Science and Technology, Qingdao 266590, China

Corresponding author: Yi Ma, mayimail@fio.org.cn

Received Date: 2018-03-14
Web Publishing Date: 2019-05-01

Fund Project: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 61601133 and 41206172; the Marine Application System of High Resolution Earth Observation System Major Project.

This paper develops a deep learning classification method with fully-connected 8-layers characteristics to classification of coastal wetland based on CHRIS hyperspectral image. The method combined spectral feature and multi-spatial texture feature information has been applied in the Huanghe (Yellow) River Estuary coastal wetland. The results show that: (1) Based on testing samples, the DCNN model combined spectral feature and texture feature after K-L transformation appear high classification accuracy, which is up to 99%. (2) The accuracy by using spectral feature with all the texture feature is lower than that using spectral only and combing spectral and texture feature after K-L transformation. The DCNN classification accuracy using spectral feature and texture feature after K-L transformation was up to 99.38%, and the outperformed that of all the texture feature by 4.15%. (3) The classification accuracy of the DCNN method achieves better performance than other methods based on the whole validation image, with an overall accuracy of 84.64% and the Kappa coefficient of 0.80. (4) The developed DCNN model classification algorithm ensured the accuracy of all types is more balanced, and it also greatly improved the accuracy of tidal flat and farmland, while kept the classification accuracy of main types almost invariant compared to the shallow algorithms. The classification accuracy of tidal flat and farmland is up to 79.26% and 56.72% respectively based on the DCNN model. And it improves by about 2.51% and 10.6% compared with that of the other shallow classification methods.

Key words: coastal wetland , hyperspectral image , deep learning , classification

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Deep learning classification of coastal wetland hyperspectral image combined spectra and texture features: A case study of Huanghe (Yellow) River Estuary wetland

Yabin HU, Jie ZHANG, Yi Ma, Xiaomin LI, Qinpei SUN, Jubai AN