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Citation: Peng BAI, Jingling YANG, Shuwen ZHANG, Lingling XIE, Junshan WU. Upwelling off the west coast of Hainan Island: sensitivity to wave-mixing. ACTA OCEANOLOGICA SINICA,

Upwelling off the west coast of Hainan Island: sensitivity to wave-mixing

1.  Guangdong Province Key Laboratory for Coastal Ocean Variation and Disaster Prediction, College of Ocean and Meteorology, Guangdong Ocean University, Zhanjiang 524088, China
2.  East China Sea Branch of State Oceanic Administration, Shanghai 200137, China

Corresponding author: Jingling YANG, yjl_ocean@163.com

Web Publishing Date: 2019-10-01

Fund Project: The Program for Scientific Research Start-up Funds of Guangdong Ocean University under contract No. 101302/R18001; the National Key Research and Development Program of China under contract No. 2016YFC1401403; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41476009 and 41776034.

The coupled ocean–atmosphere–wave–sediment transport (COAWST) modeling system is employed to investigate the role of wave-mixing playing in the upwelling off the west coast of Hainan Island (WHU). Waves, tides and sea surface temperature (SST) are reproduced reasonably well by the model when validated by observations. Model results suggest the WHU is tidally driven. Further investigations indicate that inclusion of wave-mixing promotes the intensity of the WHU, making the simulated SST become more consistent with remote-sensed ones. Dynamically, wave-mixing facilitates the " outcrop” of more upwelled cold water, triggering stronger WHU and leading to a three-dimensional dynamical adjustment. From the perspective of time, wave-mixing contributes to establishing an earlier tidal mixing front strong enough to generate WHU and that is, WHU may occur earlier when taking wave-mixing into consideration.

Key words: upwelling , wave-mixing , tidal mixing front , COAWST , Hainan Island

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Upwelling off the west coast of Hainan Island: sensitivity to wave-mixing

Peng BAI, Jingling YANG, Shuwen ZHANG, Lingling XIE, Junshan WU