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Fei Xu, Xiang Zeng, Yadong Gong, Zongze Shao. Thiosulfate oxidation and autotrophy potential by marine prevalent heterotrophic bacteria of genus Marinobacter[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica.
Citation: Fei Xu, Xiang Zeng, Yadong Gong, Zongze Shao. Thiosulfate oxidation and autotrophy potential by marine prevalent heterotrophic bacteria of genus Marinobacter[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica.

Thiosulfate oxidation and autotrophy potential by marine prevalent heterotrophic bacteria of genus Marinobacter

Funds:  Fundation item: The National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2021YFF0501304; The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 91951201 and 42030412; Scientific Research Foundation of Third Institute of Oceanography, MNR No.2019021.
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  • Corresponding author: Zongze Shao (shaozz@163.com); Xiang Zeng (zengxiang@tio.org.cn)
  • Available Online: 2024-04-29
  • The genus Marinobacter is very broadly distributed in global environments and is considered as aerobic heterotroph. In this study, six Marinobacter strains were identified with autotrophic thiosulfate oxidation capacity. These strains, namely Marinobacter guineae M3BT, Marinobacter aromaticivorans D15-8PT, Marinobacter vulgaris F01T, Marinobacter profundi PWS21T, Marinobacter denitrificans JB02H27T, and Marinobacter sp. ST-1M (with a 99.93 % similarity to the 16S rDNA sequences of Marinobacter salsuginis SD-14BT), were screened out of 32 Marinobacter strains by autotrophic thiosulfate oxidization medium. The population of cells grew in a chemolithotrophic medium, increasing from 105 to 107 cells /mL within 5 days. This growth was accompanied by the consumption of thiosulfate 3.59 mM to 9.64 mM and the accumulation of sulfate up to 0.96 mM, and occasionally produced sulfur containing complex particles. Among these Marinobacter strains, it was also found their capability of oxidizing thiosulfate to sulfate in a heterotrophic medium. Notably, M. vulgaris F01T and M. antarcticus ZS2-30T showed highly significant production of sulfate at 9.45 mM and 3.10 mM. Genome annotation indicated that these Marinobacter strains possess a complete Sox cluster for thiosulfate oxidation. Further phylogenetic analysis of the soxB gene revealed that six Marinobacter strains formed a separate lineage within Gammaproteobacteria and close to obligate chemolithoautotroph Thiomicrorhabdus arctica. The results indicated that thiosulfate oxidizing and chemolithoautotrophic potential in Marinobacter genus, which may contribute to the widespread of Marinobacter in the global ocean.
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