Petrogenesis and tectonic implication of lavas from the Yap Trench, western Pacific

Ling Chen Limei Tang Jichao Yang Xiaohu Li Wei Wang Fengyou Chu Jie Zhang

Ling Chen, Limei Tang, Jichao Yang, Xiaohu Li, Wei Wang, Fengyou Chu, Jie Zhang. Petrogenesis and tectonic implication of lavas from the Yap Trench, western Pacific[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-0185-y
Citation: Ling Chen, Limei Tang, Jichao Yang, Xiaohu Li, Wei Wang, Fengyou Chu, Jie Zhang. Petrogenesis and tectonic implication of lavas from the Yap Trench, western Pacific[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-0185-y

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-0185-y

Petrogenesis and tectonic implication of lavas from the Yap Trench, western Pacific

Funds: The National Key R&D Program of China under contract No. 2017YFC1405502; the Scientific Research Fund of the Second Institute of Oceanography, Ministry of Natural Resources under contract Nos QNYC1901 and JG2002; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41976072; the “13th Five-Year Plan” for Resources and Environment Projects of the China Ocean Mineral R&D Association (COMRA) under contract No. DY135-G2-1-01.
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  • Figure  1.  Elevation and tectonic features of the study area (a) and detailed bathymetry around the sampling stations (b). Dive 109 in b includes 3 stations, which overlapped in map due to close distance. Refer to Table 1 for detailed longitude and latitude information.

    A1.  Image of the bottom scene at the sampling site of the Chinese manned submersible Jiaolong on Dive 112 during the DY125-37 cruise.

    Figure  2.  Images of the Yap Trench lava. a and b. Hand specimens of Dive 112-S03-1 and Dive 113-S02-1 samples; and c and d. microimages of Dive 109-S02-1 and Dive 112-S03-1 samples in cross-polarized light.

    Figure  3.  SiO2 vs. Na2O + K2O diagram of the studied Yap Trench lava samples (after Le Bas et al., 1986). Lavas from the southeast Mariana forearc rift (SEMFR) (Ribeiro et al., 2013b) and typical forearc basalts (FAB) (Reagan et al., 2010) are shown for comparison.

    Figure  4.  MgO vs. Na2O (a), MgO vs. CaO (b), SiO2 vs. FeOT/MgO (c), and FeOT/MgO vs. TiO2 (d) diagrams of the studied lava. The solid line and dashed lines in c distinguish the tholeiite and calc-alkaline suites (Miyashiro, 1974) and high-, medium-, and low-Fe suites (Arculus, 2003), respectively. Mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) samples dredged from the Caroline Plate are shown for comparison (Fornari et al., 1979; Zhang et al., 2020). The fields indicate lavas from the Mariana Arc (MA) (Stern et al., 2006; Tamura et al., 2014; Ikeda et al., 2016), Mariana Trough (MT) (Sinton and Fryer, 1987; Hawkins et al., 1990; Stern et al., 1990; Gribble et al., 1996, 1998; Ikeda et al., 2016), southeast Mariana forearc rift (SEMFR) (Ribeiro et al., 2013b), and typical forearc basalts (FAB) (Reagan et al., 2010). Other data sources are shown in the legend.

    Figure  5.  Ti vs. V diagram of the studied Yap Trench lava. Lines of constant Ti/V distinguish arc lava (Ti/V < 20), backarc basin basalt (BABB), and mid-ocean ridge basalt (MORB) (20 ≤ Ti/V < 50), and ocean island basalt (OIB) (50 ≤ Ti/V < 100) (Shervais, 1982). Data sources are the same as in Fig. 3.

    Figure  6.  Primitive mantle (PM)-normalized rare earth element (REE) concentrations of the studied lava. Lava data from the Mariana Arc (Turner and Langmuir, 2015; Ikeda et al., 2016) and Mariana Trough (Gale et al., 2013; Ikeda et al., 2016) are shown. Field of the whole-rock data of the southeast southeast SEMFR lava (SE SEMFR lave WR) is obtained from Ribeiro et al. (2013b). Field of the N-MORB-type back-arc basin basalts in the Parece Vela Basin is obtained from Hickey-Vargas (1998). Field of the MORB-type basalts from the Caroline Plate is obtained from Zhang et al. (2020). Data for PM, N-MORB, and E-MORB are obtained from Sun and McDonough (1989). Other data sources are shown in the legend. SEMFR: southeast Mariana forearc rift, MORB: mid-ocean ridge basalt.

    Figure  7.  N-MORB-normalized trace element diagram of the studied Yap Trench lavas. Fields of the Mariana Arc (Turner and Langmuir, 2015; Ikeda et al., 2016) and Mariana Trough (Gale et al., 2013; Ikeda et al., 2016) are shown for comparison. Field of the whole-rock data of the southeast SEMFR lava (SE SEMFR lava WR) is obtained from Ribeiro et al. (2013b). Field of the N-MORB-type basalts from the Caroline Plate is obtained from Zhang et al. (2020). Data of the N-MORB-type back-arc basin basalts in the Parece Vela Basin are obtained from Hickey-Vargas (1998). N-MORB data are obtained from Sun and McDonough (1989). SEMFR: southeast Mariana forearc rift, MORB: mid-ocean ridge basalt.

    Figure  8.  Th/Nb vs. Ba/Nb diagram of the studied lava. Fields show lavas from the Mariana Arc (MA) (Stern et al., 2006; Tamura et al., 2014; Ikeda et al., 2016), Mariana Trough (MT) (Hawkins et al., 1990; Stern et al., 1990; Gribble et al., 1998; Pearce et al., 2005; Ikeda et al., 2016), southeast Mariana forearc rift (SEMFR) (Ribeiro et al., 2013b), and typical forearc basalts (FAB) (Reagan et al., 2010). Other data sources are shown in the legend. MORB: mid-ocean ridge basalt.

    Figure  9.  Nb/Yb vs. Ba/Yb (a) and Nb/Yb vs. Th/Yb (b) diagrams of the studied lava. Fields show lavas from the Mariana Arc (MA) (Stern et al., 2006; Tamura et al., 2014; Ikeda et al., 2016), Mariana Trough (MT) (Hawkins et al., 1990; Stern et al., 1990; Gribble et al., 1998; Pearce et al., 2005; Ikeda et al., 2016), southeast Mariana forearc rift (SEMFR) (Ribeiro et al., 2013b), and typical forearc basalt (FAB) (Reagan et al., 2010). Other data sources are shown in the legend.

    Figure  10.  Schematic showing overthrust of the Parece Vela Basin (PVB) crust onto the Yap Arc and forearc area due to the collision of the Caroline Ridge with the trench. Gray blocks indicate back-arc crustal rocks presented in the deep trench due to the overthrust of the Parece Vela Basin crust and landslides of the landward trench slope, and pink blocks indicate the volcanic lava exposed on the seafloor through faulting in the horst and graben (red arrows) on the subduction plate. Blue arrow indicates the subduction direction.

    Table  1.   Whole-rock major element and trace element concentrations in lavas from the Yap Trench

    Sample ID GBW07316AGV-2
    Dive
    109-S02-1
    Dive
    109-S03-1
    Dive
    109-S05-1
    Dive
    109-S05-2
    Dive
    112-S03-1
    Dive
    112-S08-1
    Dive
    113-S02-1
    Dive stationDive 109-S02Dive 109-S03Dive 109-S05Dive 112-S03Dive 112-S08Dive 113-S02
    East longitude/(°)138.402 700138.402 000138.401 900138.496 000138.479 000138.655 000
    North latitude/(°)9.899 3179.899 5709.900 1499.865 5509.868 8309.865 850
    Major elementSiO2/%45.9449.9154.5052.0850.5548.7349.5031.21
    TiO2/%1.622.081.771.711.831.930.950.37
    Al2O3/%11.7313.2611.8213.7513.2912.9717.757.89
    TFe2O3/%12.2112.8611.3911.5112.3014.189.243.70
    MnO/%0.190.200.180.160.200.320.120.41
    MgO/%14.126.256.734.765.926.774.592.07
    CaO/%10.8610.439.1011.418.058.3712.4322.35
    Na2O/%1.523.162.542.014.062.753.123.91
    K2O/%0.140.340.390.200.810.290.241.54
    P2O5/%0.010.210.180.180.090.140.130.32
    LOI/%1.170.630.901.292.981.981.1125.80
    Sum/%99.5199.3299.5099.04100.0798.4499.1999.56
    Trace elementLi/10−63.14.64.74.122.329.710.910.6
    Ti/10−69 89112 64810 69110 37311 05911 1425 7446 225
    V/10−6327392340354464452236118
    Rb/10−60.4813.3484.8862.35511.73715.966.70167.470
    Sr/10−697387358492143112168659
    Y/10−618.531.927.131.326.731.824.119.9
    Zr/10−685.2111.099.5101.6100.999.668.2231.3
    Nb/10−613.5012.0511.4014.005.004.922.5714.31
    Cs/10−60.0060.070.1230.090.1551.2180.3981.082
    Ba/10−620.6100.4122.365.257.718.115.71 115.3
    La/10−610.2310.911.0710.083.945.174.0938.05
    Ce/10−622.725.924.324.910.012.98.569.1
    Pr/10−62.903.523.453.531.512.101.438.12
    Nd/10−613.2217.2616.7517.238.0510.457.4430.22
    Sm/10−63.4994.8274.5464.8462.8943.6772.4665.639
    Eu/10−61.3081.6721.5141.6361.241.3840.9981.524
    Gd/10−63.7265.8015.1935.663.8354.8443.3594.496
    Tb/10−60.5820.9390.8460.9220.7070.8880.5880.615
    Dy/10−63.3835.7965.0055.6244.5805.6723.8003.500
    Ho/10−60.6821.1851.0211.1360.9681.1980.8260.655
    Er/10−61.8623.3582.8293.2112.9033.5282.4801.840
    Tm/10−60.2650.4540.3970.4720.4100.5150.3620.259
    Yb/10−61.7433.0152.5562.9452.8123.4042.4081.653
    Lu/10−60.2470.4360.3590.420.3940.4910.3470.254
    Hf/10−62.2952.9362.6462.6182.7442.7571.6875.243
    Ta/10−61.1081.1551.1611.8910.4810.4550.2520.853
    Pb/10−610.308.243.634.570.770.940.7713.13
    Th/10−60.9690.9280.9370.8060.2550.3220.2346.232
    U/10−60.1700.3770.4140.3650.5940.9480.1681.789
    Note: LOI means loss on ignition. Measured major element contents for reference materials GBW07316 and trace element contents for reference materials AGV-2 are also presented.
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  • 收稿日期:  2021-02-26
  • 录用日期:  2021-04-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2021-08-18

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