Temporal variations of food web in a marine bay ecosystem based on LIM-MCMC model

Pengcheng Li Hu Zhang Chongliang Zhang Binduo Xu Yupeng Ji Yiping Ren Ying Xue

Pengcheng Li, Hu Zhang, Chongliang Zhang, Binduo Xu, Yupeng Ji, Yiping Ren, Ying Xue. Temporal variations of food web in a marine bay ecosystem based on LIM-MCMC model[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2273-8
Citation: Pengcheng Li, Hu Zhang, Chongliang Zhang, Binduo Xu, Yupeng Ji, Yiping Ren, Ying Xue. Temporal variations of food web in a marine bay ecosystem based on LIM-MCMC model[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2273-8

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2273-8

Temporal variations of food web in a marine bay ecosystem based on LIM-MCMC model

Funds: The Shandong Provincial Natural Science Foundation under contract No. ZR2023MD096; the National Key R&D Program of China under contract Nos 2018YFD0900904 and 2018YFD0900906.
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  • Figure  1.  Sampling areas in Haizhou Bay, China.

    Figure  2.  Diet composition of species in Haizhou Bay food web in 2011 (a) and 2018 (b).

    Note: The codes of G1-G80 are shown in Table 2. Different colors represent different groups, which are white (phytoplankton), gray (zooplankton), grayish (others), yellow (shrimps), orange (crabs), tomato (cephalopods), and red (fish).

    Figure  3.  Percentage change of ecological indicators in Haizhou Bay in autumn of 2011 and 2018.

    Notes: The negative impacts indicate decreased indices in 2018 and positive impacts indicate increased indices.

    Table  1.   Ecological network analysis (ENA) indices analyzed in this study

    Ecological network analysis (ENA) Name of indices Abbreviation
    General measures Number of compartments
    Total system throughput
    Total system throughflow
    Link density
    Number of links
    Average compartment throughflow
    Average link weight
    Pathway analysis Total system cycled throughflow
    Total system non-cycled throughflow
    Finn’s cycling index
    Average path length
    Network uncertainty Average mutual information
    Statistical uncertainty
    Conditional uncertainty
    Realized uncertainty
    Network constraint
    Constraint efficiency
    System development and growth Ascendency
    Development capacity
    Extent of development
    $\varPhi $
    Environment analysis Homogenization
    Synergism index
    Dominance indirect effects
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    Table  2.   Food web composition in Haizhou Bay in autumn of 2011 and 2018

    Code Species or taxa 2011 2018 Code Species or taxa 2011 2018
    G1 Eualus sinensis G41 Johnius belangerii
    G2 Pennahia argentata G42 Amoya pflaumi
    G3 Pampus sp. G43 Other gobies
    G4 Thryssa kammalensis G44 Other shrimps
    G5 Hexagrammos otakii G45 Loligo sp.
    G6 Protosalanx hyalocranius G46 Sardinella zunas
    G7 Trichiurus lepturus G47 Alpheus japonicus
    G8 Metapenaeopsis dalei G48 Scomber japonicus
    G9 Coilia nasus G49 Charybdis japonica
    G10 Benthos G50 Soleidae sp.
    G11 Pagrus major G51 Charybdis bimaculata
    G12 Cottus sp. G52 Sepiola birostrata
    G13 Octopus ocellatus G53 Bivalvia
    G14 Enedrias fangi G54 Euprymna morsei
    G15 Coilia mystus G55 Azuma emmnion
    G16 Zooplankton G56 Engraulis japonicus
    G17 Phytoplankton G57 Thamnaconus modestus
    G18 Gastropods G58 Sillago sihama
    G19 Syngnathus acus G59 Leptochela gracilis
    G20 Metanephrops Challengeri G60 Jaydia lineata
    G21 Sebastiscus marmoratus G61 Alpheus distinguendus
    G22 Paralichthys olivaceus G62 Callionymus sp.
    G23 Annelida G63 Eupleurogrammus muticus
    G24 Nibea albiflora G64 Larimichthys polyactis
    G25 Setipinna tenuifilis G65 Chelidonichthys spinosus
    G26 Echinodermata G66 Other crabs
    G27 Crangon affinis G67 Conger myriaster
    G28 commersonii G68 Sebastes schlegelii
    G29 Pleuronichthys cornutus G69 Trachypenaeus curvirostris
    G30 Sepia esculenta G70 Platycephalus indicus
    G31 Sebastes hubbsi G71 Sphyraena pinguis
    G32 Raja porosa G72 Ammodytes personatus
    G33 Oratosquilla oratoria G73 Palaemon gravieri
    G34 Decapterus maruadsi G74 Octopus variabilis
    G35 Amblychaeturichthys hexanema G75 Saurida elongata
    G36 Acetes sp. G76 Myersina filifer
    G37 Chaemrichthys stigmatias G77 Thryssa mystax
    G38 Collichthys sp. G78 Tridentiger barbatus
    G39 Erisphex pottii G79 Lophius litulon
    G40 Miichthys miiuy G80 Liparis sp.
    Note: √ indicates the presence of the species or taxa.
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    Table  3.   Changes in the number of prey and predators for each species in the food web of Haizhou Bay in autumn of 2011 and 2018

    Code Prey Predators Code Prey Predators
    2011 2018 2011 2018 2011 2018 2011 2018
    G1 4 / 19 / G41 19 15 10 9
    G2 20 16 3 4 G42 5 4 6 6
    G3 3 2 0 0 G43 12 9 9 6
    G4 5 4 9 9 G44 7 5 38 33
    G5 31 24 0 0 G45 16 11 27 24
    G6 1 / 0 / G46 5 4 5 4
    G7 28 20 2 1 G47 10 7 26 22
    G8 4 3 18 20 G48 9 6 0 0
    G9 4 / 0 / G49 7 6 4 3
    G10 7 / 2 / G50 16 13 7 6
    G11 15 12 1 0 G51 6 6 9 10
    G12 1 1 0 0 G52 6 / 13 /
    G13 16 11 1 1 G53 2 2 41 36
    G14 16 12 4 4 G54 6 4 1 1
    G15 5 3 4 3 G55 1 / 0 /
    G16 2 2 62 52 G56 5 / 21 /
    G17 0 0 8 4 G57 9 / 0 /
    G18 2 2 35 31 G58 10 7 4 3
    G19 1 1 0 0 G59 2 / 43 /
    G20 2 / 20 / G60 2 1 20 18
    G21 12 / 1 / G61 9 6 24 21
    G22 17 / 0 / G62 15 11 7 6
    G23 2 / 37 / G63 5 / 0 /
    G24 14 / 0 / G64 30 23 11 10
    G25 4 3 4 1 G65 32 26 0 0
    G26 4 3 21 18 G66 7 6 34 30
    G27 4 / 21 / G67 33 26 0 0
    G28 1 / 0 / G68 16 12 1 1
    G29 9 8 0 0 G69 12 8 15 12
    G30 5 5 0 0 G70 5 / 2 /
    G31 9 6 0 0 G71 5 3 2 0
    G32 15 / 0 / G72 4 3 2 1
    G33 18 15 22 18 G73 5 3 23 23
    G34 17 / 1 / G74 16 11 2 2
    G35 20 13 15 13 G75 22 19 4 3
    G36 2 2 26 21 G76 10 8 5 5
    G37 18 13 16 14 G77 5 4 3 4
    G38 17 13 6 4 G78 13 9 2 2
    G39 4 / 0 / G79 / 14 / 0
    G40 21 17 0 0 G80 / 16 / 0
    Note: Italics indicate a change (decrease) of greater than 7 in the number of prey and predators of a species or taxa compared to 2011, and bold fonts indicate an increase in the number of predators.
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    Table  4.   Temporal variations in ENA indices in Haizhou Bay in autumn of 2011 and 2018

    Ecological network analysis (ENA) Abbreviation Values
    2011 2018
    General measures N
    30 070.17
    43 535.31
    24 662.32
    35 441.45
    Pathway analysis TSTc
    42 597.96
    34 360.44
    Network uncertainty AMI
    System development and growth A
    $\varPhi $
    81 230.64
    246 482.26
    165 251.63
    61 263.66
    194 203.61
    132 939.95
    Environment analysis HP
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-08-16
  • 录用日期:  2023-09-28
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-04-30