Preliminary study on the depositional model in the wave-dominated delta evolution during the Anthropocene: a case study of the Hanjiang River Delta in China

Hongyue Wang Zhongbo Wang Yang Wang Haiyan Tang Xiaodong Zhang Xiaofeng Luo Yongxin Mai Xuhong Huang Yilin Zheng Ping Yin Zhongping Lai

Hongyue Wang, Zhongbo Wang, Yang Wang, Haiyan Tang, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaofeng Luo, Yongxin Mai, Xuhong Huang, Yilin Zheng, Ping Yin, Zhongping Lai. Preliminary study on the depositional model in the wave-dominated delta evolution during the Anthropocene: a case study of the Hanjiang River Delta in China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2313-z
Citation: Hongyue Wang, Zhongbo Wang, Yang Wang, Haiyan Tang, Xiaodong Zhang, Xiaofeng Luo, Yongxin Mai, Xuhong Huang, Yilin Zheng, Ping Yin, Zhongping Lai. Preliminary study on the depositional model in the wave-dominated delta evolution during the Anthropocene: a case study of the Hanjiang River Delta in China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2313-z

doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2313-z

Preliminary study on the depositional model in the wave-dominated delta evolution during the Anthropocene: a case study of the Hanjiang River Delta in China

Funds: The Guangdong Basic and Applied Basic Research Foundation under contract Nos 2024A1515012628; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 41876059 and 42372213; the Open Research Fund Program of Zhoushan Field Scientific Observation and Research Station for Marine Geo-hazards, China Geological Survey under contract No. ZSORS-22-5; the Shantou University Scientific Research Foundation for Talents under contract No. NTF20028; China-Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Maritime Cooperation Fund Project under contract No. 12120100500017001; China Geological Survey Projects under contract Nos DD20211553, DD20221710, and DD20230415; the Science and Technology Innovation Fund of Command Center of Integrated Natural Resources Survey Center under contract No. KC20230017.
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  • Figure  1.  Schematic map of the Hanjiang River Delta (HRD, a and b) and the borehole locations (LY1–LY8) on the barrier spit (c). The purple and yellow lines present the artificial coastlines in 1986 and 2021, and the blue and green lines present the natural coastlines in 1986 and 2021, respectively. HR: Hanjiang River; SCS: South China Sea; LYHR: Lianyanghe River; WSHR: Waishahe River; YFXR: Yifengxi River.

    Figure  2.  The variations of the runoff and sediment load of Hanjiang River (HR) and their regression curves during 1958 to 2019 (data from Zhao (2019)). The red lines and black lines present regression curves of the runoff and sediment load of HR, respectively. P1: Phase 1 (1986–1998), P2: Phase 2 (1999–2009), and P3: Phase 3 (2010–2021). The short blue dashed lines with numerical values represent the average sediment load of the three phases.

    Figure  3.  The geomorphic types identified by analysis of SRS images in HRD during 1986 to 2021 (for location see Fig. 1b). a. Estuarine sandbars; b. barrier island-lagoon system; c. barrier spits.

    Figure  4.  Variations of the perimeter and area of the HRD barrier system during 1986 to 2021. P1: Phase 1 (1986–1998), P2: Phase 2 (1999–2009), and P3: Phase 3 (2010–2021). The numbers in red and black font colors are their averages of the three phases, respectively.

    Figure  5.  Shoreline change revisit and their migration rates of the HRD barrier spit (1999 to 2019) (for location see Fig. 1c). a. Shoreline changes at 5-year intervals; b. the migration trajectories and average migration rates of different regions. A, B, and C represent the migration tracks of the northern, middle, and southern areas of the barrier spit.

    Figure  6.  Lithologic logs, Mz, and the standard deviation (S.D.) of the borehole sediments in the HRD barrier spit and their sedimentary facies. The red dashed line denotes the boundary between barrier and lagoon facies. The years in red font indicate the latest transition time of the two sedimentary facies.

    Figure  7.  Evolution of the barrier system in the HRD (1986–2021) (for location see Fig. 1b). The red dots represent the borehole locations (for location see Fig. 1c). The labeled black arrow marks illustrate the occurrence of the dominate facies at that time. LY1–LY8 represent the borehole locations. P1: Phase 1 (1986–1998), P2: Phase 2 (1999–2009), and P3: Phase 3 (2010–2021).

    Figure  8.  The conceptual depositional model of wave-dominated deltas (a) (after Vespremeanu-Stroe and Preoteasa, 2015; Preoteasa et al., 2016) and modified depositional model in the Anthropocene in this study (b). Lines of C-C' and D-D' present the transverse sections of two models.

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  • 收稿日期:  2023-11-30
  • 录用日期:  2024-01-26
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-05-13

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