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An improved frequency shift method for ATI-SAR flat earth phase removal
Yubin Zhang, Jie Zhang, Junmin Meng, Chenqing Fan
doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1426-2
An improved frequency shift method is proposed to remove the flat earth phase in ATI-SAR ocean surface motion detection in this study. First, two conventional flat earth effect removal methods (i.e., the frequency shift method and the orbital parameter method) are introduced and compared. Then, two improvements to frequency shift method are suggested. In the first improvement, the phase diagram is divided into several sub-blocks to calculate the phase fringe frequency. In the second improvement, a function between the phase of land regions and position is fitted to correct the residual flat earth phase based on the phase of the land regions that tend toward zero in an along-track interferogram. It is found that the improved frequency shift method is greatly improved; and it agrees well with the orbital parameter method, and achieves similar accuracy.
key words: flat earth phase, ATI-SAR, frequency shift, orbital parameter

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