Volume 42 Issue 9
Sep.  2023
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Meijing Sun, Yongjian Yao, Weidong Luo, Jie Liu, Xiaosan Hu, Jiao Zhou, Dong Ju, Ziying Xu. Sedimentary evolution and control factors of the Rizhao Canyons in the Zhongjiannan Basin, western South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(9): 16-26. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2114-1
Citation: Meijing Sun, Yongjian Yao, Weidong Luo, Jie Liu, Xiaosan Hu, Jiao Zhou, Dong Ju, Ziying Xu. Sedimentary evolution and control factors of the Rizhao Canyons in the Zhongjiannan Basin, western South China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2023, 42(9): 16-26. doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2114-1

Sedimentary evolution and control factors of the Rizhao Canyons in the Zhongjiannan Basin, western South China Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-022-2114-1
Funds:  The Major Special Project of Guangdong Provincial Laboratory of Southern Marine Science and Engineering (Guangzhou) under contract No. GML2019ZD0207; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. U20A20100; the China Geological Survey Project under contract Nos DD20221712, DD20221719 and DD20191002.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: yjyaomail@163.com
  • Received Date: 2021-09-03
  • Accepted Date: 2022-08-15
  • Available Online: 2023-09-12
  • Publish Date: 2023-09-01
  • Submarine canyon is an important channel for long-distance sediment transport, and an important part of deep-water sedimentary system. The large-scale Rizhao Canyons have been discovered for the first time in 2015 in the continental slope area of the western South China Sea. Based on the interpretation and analysis of multi-beam bathymetry and two-dimensional multi-channel seismic data, the geology of the canyons has however not been studied yet. In this paper, the morphology and distribution characteristics of the canyon are carefully described, the sedimentary filling structure and its evolution process of the canyon are analyzed, and then its controlling factors are discussed. The results show that Rizhao Canyons group is a large slope restricted canyon group composed of one east−west west main and nine branch canyons extending to the south. The canyon was formed from the late Miocene to the Quaternary. The east−west main canyon is located in the transition zone between the northern terrace and the southern Zhongjiannan Slope, and it is mainly formed by the scouring and erosion of the material source from the west, approximately along the slope direction. Its development and evolution is mainly controlled by sediment supply and topographic conditions, the development of 9 branch canyons is mainly controlled by gravity flow and collapse from the east−west main canyon. This understanding result is a supplement to the study of “source-channel–sink” sedimentary system in the west of the South China Sea, and has important guiding significance for the study of marine geological hazards.
  • loading
  • Antobreh A A, Krastel S. 2006. Morphology, seismic characteristics and development of Cap Timiris Canyon, offshore Mauritania: A newly discovered canyon preserved-off a major arid climatic region. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 23(1): 37–59. doi: 10.1016/j.marpetgeo.2005.06.003
    Babonneau N, Savoye B, Cremer M, et al. 2002. Morphology and architecture of the present canyon and channel system of the Zaire deep-sea fan. Marine and Petroleum Geology, 19(4): 445–467. doi: 10.1016/S0264-8172(02)00009-0
    Chen Hui. 2014. Characteristics and evolution of deep-water sedimentary systems on the northwestern margin slopes of the Northwest Sub-Basin, South China Sea (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Wuhan: China University of Geosciences (Wuhan)
    Chen Hui, Xie Xinong, Mao Kainan, et al. 2020. Depositional characteristics and formation mechanisms of deep-water canyon systems along the Northern South China Sea margin. Journal of Earth Science, 31(4): 808–819. doi: 10.1007/s12583-020-1284-z
    Davies R J, Thatcher K E, Mathias S A, et al. 2012. Deepwater canyons: an escape route for methane sealed by methane hydrate. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 323–324: 72–78
    Ding Weiwei, Li Jiabiao, Li Jun, et al. 2013. Formation process and controlling factors of the Pearl River Canyon in the South China Sea. Journal of Tropical Oceanography (in Chinese), 32(6): 63–72. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.1009-5470.2013.06.010
    Fyhn M B W, Boldreel L O, Nielsen L H. 2009. Geological development of the Central and South Vietnamese margin: Implications for the establishment of the South China Sea, Indochinese escape tectonics and Cenozoic volcanism. Tectonophysics, 478(3–4): 184–214. doi: 10.1016/j.tecto.2009.08.002
    Gao Hongfang, Chen Ling. 2006. An analysis of structural framework and formation mechanism of Zhongjiannan Basin in the west of South China Sea. Oil & Gas Geology (in Chinese), 27(4): 512–516
    Gingele F X, De Deckker P, Hillenbrand C D. 2004. Late Quaternary terrigenous sediments from the Murray Canyons area, offshore South Australia and their implications for sea level change, palaeoclimate and palaeodrainage of the Murray-Darling Basin. Marine Geology, 212(1–4): 183–197. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.09.001
    Harris P T, Whiteway T. 2011. Global distribution of large submarine canyons: Geomorphic differences between active and passive continental margins. Marine Geology, 285(1–4): 69–86. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2011.05.008
    Laursen J, Normark W R. 2002. Late Quaternary evolution of the San Antonio Submarine Canyon in the central Chile forearc (~33°S). Marine Geology, 188(3–4): 365–390. doi: 10.1016/S0025-3227(02)00421-8
    Li Xishuang, Liu Lejun, Li Jiagang, et al. 2015. Mass movements in small canyons in the northeast of Baiyun deepwater area, north of the South China Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(8): 35–42. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0702-Z
    Liu Jie, Su Ming, Qiao Shaohua, et al. 2016. Forming mechanism of the slope-confined submarine canyons in the Baiyun Sag, Pearl River Mouth Basin. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica (in Chinese), 34(5): 940–950
    Lofi J, Gorini C, Berné S, et al. 2005. Erosional processes and paleo-environmental changes in the Western Gulf of Lions (SW France) during the Messinian Salinity Crisis. Marine Geology, 217(1–2): 1–30. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2005.02.014
    Luo Weidong, Zhou Jiao, Li Xuejie, et al. 2018. Morphology and structure and evolution of West Basin Canyon, South China Sea. Earth Science, 43(6): 2172–2183
    McDonnell A, Loucks R G, Galloway W E. 2008. Paleocene to Eocene deep-water slope canyons, western Gulf of Mexico: further insights for the provenance of deep-water offshore Wilcox Group plays. AAPG Bulletin, 92(9): 1169–1189. doi: 10.1306/05150808014
    McHugh C M G, Damuth J E, Mountain G S. 2002. Cenozoic mass-transport facies and their correlation with relative sea-level change, New Jersey continental margin. Marine Geology, 184(3–4): 295–334. doi: 10.1016/S0025-3227(01)00240-7
    Micallef A, Ribó M, Canals M, et al. 2014. Space-for-time substitution and the evolution of a submarine canyon-channel system in a passive progradational margin. Geomorphology, 221: 34–50. doi: 10.1016/j.geomorph.2014.06.008
    Nie Xin, Luo Weidong, Zhou Jiao. 2017. Depositional characteristics of the Penghu submarine canyon in the northeastern South China Sea. Marine Geology Frontiers (in Chinese), 33(8): 18–23. doi: 10.16058/j.1009-2722.2019.08003
    Popescu I, Lericolais G, Panin N, et al. 2004. The Danube submarine canyon (Black Sea): Morphology and sedimentary processes. Marine Geology, 206(1–4): 249–265. doi: 10.1016/j.margeo.2004.03.003
    Sanchez C M, Fulthorpe C S, Steel R J. 2012. Miocene shelf-edge deltas and their impact on deepwater slope progradation and morphology, Northwest Shelf of Australia. Basin Research, 24(6): 683–698. doi: 10.1111/j.1365-2117.2012.00545.x
    Shang Zhilei, Xie Xinong, Li Xushen, et al. 2015. Difference in full-filled time and its controlling factors in the Central Canyon of the Qiongdongnan Basin. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 34(10): 81–89. doi: 10.1007/s13131-015-0717-5
    Shepard F P. 1981. Submarine canyons: Multiple causes and long-time persistence. AAPG Bulletin, 65(6): 1062–1077
    Su Ming, Zhang Cheng, Xie Xinong, et al. 2014. Controlling factors on the submarine canyon system: a case study of the Central Canyon System in the Qiongdongnan Basin, northern South China Sea. Science China: Earth Sciences, 57(10): 2457–2468. doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4878-4
    Sun Meijing, Gao Hongfang, Li Xuejie, et al. 2020. Sedimentary evolution characteristics since late Miocene in the Huatung Basin. Haiyang Xuebao (in Chinese), 42(1): 154–162. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253−4193.2020.01.016
    Sun Meijing, Yao Yongjian, Luo Weidong, et al. 2022. Sedimentary evolution characteristics and controlling factors of Zhongjiannan Canyons in northwestern South China Sea. Earth Science, 47(11): 4005–4019. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2022.034
    Wang Xingxing, Cai Feng, Sun Zhilei, et al. 2021. Sedimentary evolution and geological significance of the Dongsha submarine canyon in the northern South China Sea. Earth Science (in Chinese), 46(3): 1023–1037. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2020.277
    Wu Shiguo, Qin Yunshan. 2009. The research of deepwater depositional system in the northern South China Sea. Acta Sedimentologica Sinica (in Chinese), 27(5): 922–930
    Wu Shiguo, Qin Zhiliang, Wang Dawei, et al. 2011. Seismic characteristics and triggering mechanism analysis of mass transport deposits in the northern continental slope of the South China Sea. Chinese Journal of Geophysics (in Chinese), 54(12): 3184–3195. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0001-5733.1011.12.018
    Xie Xinong, Chen Zhihong, Sun Zhipeng, et al. 2012. Depositional architecture characteristics of deepwater depositional systems on the continental margins of northwestern South China Sea. Earth Science—Journal of China University of Geosciences (in Chinese), 37(4): 627–634. doi: 10.3799/dqkx.2012.072
    Xu Shang, Wang Yingmin, Peng Xuechao, et al. 2014. Origin of Taiwan Canyon and its effects on deepwater sediment. Science China: Earth Sciences, 57(11): 2769–2780. doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-4942-0
    Yang Shengxiong, Qiu Yan, Zhu Benduo, et al. 2015. Geological and Geophysical Maps of the South China Sea (1: 2000000) (in Chinese). Tianjin: China Navigation Book Publishing House
    Yao Yongjian, Lü Caili, Wang Lijie, et al. 2018. Tectonic evolution and genetic mechanism of the Wan’an Basin, southern South China Sea. Haiyang Xuebao (in Chinese), 40(5): 62–74. doi: 10.3969/j.issn.0253-4193.2018.05.006
    Yi Shantang, Hu Xiaosan, Luo Zongjie, et al. 2020. Geomorphological characteristics and controlling factors of the Yitong Canyon group on the northern slope of the South China Sea. Marine Geology Frontiers (in Chinese), 36(4): 18–26. doi: 10.16058/j.1009-2722.2019.185
    Yin Shaoru, Wang Liaoliang, Guo Yiqun, et al. 2015. Morphology, sedimentary characteristics, and origin of the Dongsha submarine canyon in the northeastern continental slope of the South China Sea. Science China: Earth Sciences, 58(6): 971–985. doi: 10.1007/s11430-014-5044-8
    Yu Kaiqi, Miramontes E, Alves T M, et al. 2021. Incision of submarine channels over pockmark trains in the South China Sea. Geophysical Research Letters, 48(24): e2021GL092861. doi: 10.1029/2021GL092861
    Yuan Shengqiang, Wu Shiguo, Yao Genshun. 2010. The controlling factors analysis of Qiongdongnan slope deepwater channels and its significance to the hydrocarbon exploration. Marine Geology and Quaternary Geology (in Chinese), 30(2): 61–66. doi: 10.3724/SP.J.2010.02061
    Zhong Guangjian, Gao Hongfang. 2005. Sequence characteristics of Cenozoic stratigraphy in Zhongjiannan Basin, South China Sea. Geotectonica et Metallogenia (in Chinese), 29(3): 403–409. doi: 10.16539/j.ddgzyckx.2005.03.017
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(8)  / Tables(2)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (140) PDF downloads(16) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint