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Tianyu Zhang, Mohammed Shokr, Zhida Zhang, Fengming Hui, Xiao Cheng, Zhilun Zhang, Jiechen Zhao, Chunlei Mi. Parameterization, Sensitivity, and Uncertainty of 1-D Thermodynamic Thin-ice Thickness Retrieval[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2210-x
Citation: Tianyu Zhang, Mohammed Shokr, Zhida Zhang, Fengming Hui, Xiao Cheng, Zhilun Zhang, Jiechen Zhao, Chunlei Mi. Parameterization, Sensitivity, and Uncertainty of 1-D Thermodynamic Thin-ice Thickness Retrieval[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2210-x

Parameterization, Sensitivity, and Uncertainty of 1-D Thermodynamic Thin-ice Thickness Retrieval

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2210-x
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  • Corresponding author: Fengming Hui (huifm@mail.sysu.edu.cn)
  • Received Date: 2023-02-22
  • Accepted Date: 2023-05-04
  • Available Online: 2024-01-03
  • Retrieval of thin-ice thickness (TIT) using thermodynamic modeling is sensitive to the parameterization of the independent variables (coded in the model) and the uncertainty of the measured input variables. This article examines the deviation of the classical model’s TIT output when using different parameterization schemes and the sensitivity of the output to the ice thickness. Moreover, it estimates the uncertainty of the output in response to the uncertainties of the input variables. The parameterized independent variables include atmospheric longwave emissivity, air density, specific heat of air, latent heat of ice, conductivity of ice, snow depth, and snow conductivity. Measured input parameters include air temperature, ice surface temperature, and wind speed. Among the independent variables, the results show that the highest deviation is caused by adjusting the parameterization of snow conductivity and depth, followed ice conductivity. The sensitivity of the output TIT to ice thickness is highest when using parameterization of ice conductivity, atmospheric emissivity, and snow conductivity and depth. The retrieved TIT obtained using each parameterization scheme is validated using in situ measurements and satellite-retrieved data. From in situ measurements, the uncertainties of the measured air temperature and surface temperature are found to be high. The resulting uncertainties of TIT are evaluated using perturbations of the input data selected based on the probability distribution of the measurement error. The results show that the overall uncertainty of TIT to air temperature, surface temperature, and wind speed uncertainty is around 0.09 m, 0.049 m, and −0.005 m, respectively.
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