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Bowen Sun, Shuchang Xu, Zhankun Wang, Yujie Feng, Baofu Li. Spatiotemporal features and vertical structures of four types of mesoscale eddies in the Kuroshio Extension region[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2323-x
Citation: Bowen Sun, Shuchang Xu, Zhankun Wang, Yujie Feng, Baofu Li. Spatiotemporal features and vertical structures of four types of mesoscale eddies in the Kuroshio Extension region[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2323-x

Spatiotemporal features and vertical structures of four types of mesoscale eddies in the Kuroshio Extension region

doi: 10.1007/s13131-024-2323-x
Funds:  The Natural Science Foundation of Shandong Province under contract No. ZR2021YQ28; the Taishan Scholars Project of Shandong Province under contract No. tsqn202306182.
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  • Corresponding author: libf@qfnu.edu.cn
  • Received Date: 2023-12-01
  • Accepted Date: 2024-02-29
  • Available Online: 2024-05-13
  • Except for conventional mesoscale eddies, there are also abundant warm cyclonic eddies (WCEs) and cold anticyclonic eddies (CAEs) in the global ocean. Based on the global mesoscale eddy trajectory atlas product, satellite altimetric and remote sensing datasets, and three-dimensional temperature/salinity dataset, spatiotemporal features of WCEs and CAEs are compared with traditional cold cyclonic eddies and warm anticyclonic eddies in the Kuroshio Extension (KE; 28°−43°N, 140°−170°E) region. Characteristics of abnormal eddies like radius, amplitude, eddy kinetic energy, and proportion in all eddies behave in significant asymmetry on the north and south sides of the KE jet. Unlike eddies in the general sense, temporal feature analysis reveals that it is more favorable to the formation and maintenance of WCEs and CAEs in summer and autumn, while winter is the opposite. The spatiotemporal variation of abnormal eddies is likely because the marine environment varying with time and space. Statistically, proportion of abnormal eddies increases rapidly in decaying stage during the whole eddy lifespan, resulting in smaller average radius, amplitude, sea surface temperature anomaly and sea surface height anomaly compared to normal ones. The three-dimensional composite structures for four types of eddies expose that the difference between abnormal and conventional eddies is not just limited to the sea surface, but also exists within the water below the sea surface. Vertical structures also indicate that the anomalous temperature signal is confined in the water from the sea surface to layers at about 30 m in the KE region.
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