A Review on the parasitic isopod genus Notophryxus G O Sars, 1883 (Crustacea: Isopoda), and first report of Notophryxus globularis G O Sars, 1885 from Lakshadweep Sea (Amini Island)

Mukkattu Nazar Suhaana Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez Paravanparambil Rajakumar Jayachandran Punnakkal Hari Praved Sivasankaran Bijoy Nandan

Mukkattu Nazar Suhaana, Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez, Paravanparambil Rajakumar Jayachandran, Punnakkal Hari Praved, Sivasankaran Bijoy Nandan. A Review on the parasitic isopod genus Notophryxus G O Sars, 1883 (Crustacea: Isopoda), and first report of Notophryxus globularis G O Sars, 1885 from Lakshadweep Sea (Amini Island)[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2217-3
Citation: Mukkattu Nazar Suhaana, Jaime Gómez-Gutiérrez, Paravanparambil Rajakumar Jayachandran, Punnakkal Hari Praved, Sivasankaran Bijoy Nandan. A Review on the parasitic isopod genus Notophryxus G O Sars, 1883 (Crustacea: Isopoda), and first report of Notophryxus globularis G O Sars, 1885 from Lakshadweep Sea (Amini Island)[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2217-3

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2217-3

A Review on the parasitic isopod genus Notophryxus G O Sars, 1883 (Crustacea: Isopoda), and first report of Notophryxus globularis G O Sars, 1885 from Lakshadweep Sea (Amini Island)

    • 关键词:
    •  / 
    •  / 
    •  / 
    •  / 
    •  
  • Figure  1.  Map showing the biogeographic distribution of Notophryxus (Sars, 1883) species, in World Oceans (a). Study location at Amini Island from where specimens of Notophryxus globularis, were collected (b).

    Figure  2.  Notophryxus globularis: (a) Cyrptoniscid larvae, habitus, dorsal (b) Adult male, habitus, lateral (c) Immature female, habitus, ventral (d) Immature female, habitus, lateral (e) Adult female, habitus, ventral (f) Adult female with attached male, habitus, lateral.

    Figure  3.  Notophryxus globularis:Adult female (with a male) attached to the dorsal part of the cephalothorax of the mysid host Siriella aequiremis (a) ; Magnified view of an adult female with attached male, habitus, lateral (b) ; Light microscope image of an adult female, habitus, ventral view (c); SEM image of the same adult female, habitus, ventral (d); SEM image of the ventral portion of a female head (appendages lost due to excessive shrinkage of the specimen during SEM preparation) (e); Light microscope image of adult male, habitus, lateral (f); SEM image of the adult male, habitus, ventro-lateral view (g); Light microscope image cryptoniscus larvae parsimoniously identified as N. globularis, habitus, ventral (h).

    Figure  4.  Morphological comparison of adult females of Notophryxus genus: a1−a2. Notophryxus clypeatus (G. O. Sars, 1879) a1) Adult female, habitus, dorsal a2) Adult female with attached male, habitus, ventral (redrawn from Brandt, 1993); b1−b2. Notophryxus ovoides G. O. Sars, 1883, b1) Ovigerous adult female, habitus, dorsal, b2) Ovigerous adult female, habitus, ventral (Redrawn from G O Sars, 1883); c1−c2. Notophryxus globularis G. O. Sars, 1885, c1) Adult female with attached male, habitus, lateral, c2) Adult female, habitus, ventral (present study); d1−d2. Notophryxus lateralis G. O. Sars, 1885, d1) Adult female, habitus, dorso-lateral, d2) Female with attached male, habitus, ventral, (redrawn from Field, 1969); e1−e2. Notophryxus lobatus Pillai, 1964, e1) Ovigerous female, habitus, dorsal, e2) Ovigerous female, habitus, ventral, (redrawn from Pillai, 1964); f1−f2. Notophryxus lobus Schultz, 1977; f1) Gravid female, habitus, dorsal, f2) Adult female, habitus, ventral, (redrawn from Schultz, 1977); g1−g2. Notophryxus ovalis Schultz, 1978, g1) Gravid female, habitus, ventral, g2) Gravid female, habitus, dorsal (Redrawn from Schultz, 1978); h1−h2. Notophryxus ocellatus Shimomura and Ohtsuka, 2011, h1) Adult female, habitus, dorsal, h2) Adult female, habitus, ventral, (redrawn from Shimomura and Ohtsuka, 2011).

    Figure  5.  Morphological comparison of males of Notophryxus genus: a) Notophryxus ovoides G. O. Sars, 1883 Adult male, habitus, dorsal (Redrawn from G O Sars, 1883); b) Notophryxus globularis G. O. Sars, 1885 Adult male, habitus, lateral (present study); c) Notophryxus lateralis G. O. Sars, 1885 Adult male, habitus, dorsal (Redrawn from Field, 1969); d) Notophryxus longicaudatus Vanhöffen, 1914, Adult male, habitus, lateral (redrawn from Vanhöffen, 1914); e) Notophryxus lobatus Pillai, 1964, Adult male, habitus, lateral (redrawn from Pillai, 1964); f) Notophryxus lobus Schultz, 1977 unmetamorphosed male, habitus, dorsal (redrawn from Schultz, 1977); g) Notophryxus ocellatus Shimomura and Ohtsuka, 2011 Adult male, habitus, lateral (redrawn from Shimomura and Ohtsuka, 2011).

    Table  1.   Dajidae isopods reported from the Arabian Sea, parasitizing euphausiids and mysids.

    Dajidae species Host species Sampling location Site of attachment to the host references
    Branchiophryxus koehleri Nierstrasz & Brender à Brandis, 1931 Stylocheiron
    carinatum G.O. Sars, 1883, Stylocheiron affine
    Hansen, 1910 (euphausiids)
    Arabian Sea posterior branchia Sebastian (1970)
    Heterophryxus appendiculatus
    G. O. Sars, 1885
    Euphausia sibogae Hansen, 1908
    (euphausiid)
    Arabian Sea dorsal hind end of the carapace Sebastian (1970)
    Dajus afromysidis
    Pillai, 1964
    Afromysis macropsis W. Tattersall, 1922 (mysid) inshore waters of the Kerala coast (Trivandrum) brood pouch Pillai (1963)
    Prodajus gastrosacci
    Pillai, 1964
    Eurobowmaniella muticus (W. Tattersall, 1915) (mysid) inshore waters of the Kerala
    coast (Trivandrum)
    brood pouch Pillai (1963)
    Prodajus ovatus
    Pillai, 1964
    Eurobowmaniella muticus (W. Tattersall, 1915) (mysid) inshore waters of the Kerala
    coast (Trivandrum)
    brood pouch Pillai (1963)
    Notophryxus lobatus Pillai, 1964 Rhopalophthalmus tattersallae
    O. Tattersall, 1957 (mysid)
    inshore waters of the Kerala
    coast (Trivandrum)
    ventral surface of the abdomen Pillai (1963)
    Notophryxus globularis
    G. O. Sars, 1885
    Siriella aequiremis Hansen, 1911 (mysid) Lakshadweep, Southeastern Arabian Sea postero-dorsal part of the carapace Present study
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Morphological diagnostic characters of adult females of Notophryxus genus. N. longicaudatus female is so far undescribed; * indicates N. globularis from the present study; n.d-not described.

    Morphological
    characteristics of
    adult female
    Antennae;
    Antenule
    Body segmentation Distinct cephal- on; cephalon’s anterior margin No. of Pereopods Overall shape and symmetry. Host Attachment site on the host. Female head orientation in relation to the host. Pleomere; pleopod; pleotelson; uropod Eyes Body length
    N. ovoides
    G.O. Sars,
    1883
    Antennae-2 pairs Slightly indicated segmentation Yes;Rounded-truncated 5 pairs Ovoid; symmetric Ambylops
    abbreviata
    dorsal part of abdomen Female’s head pointed to
    its host’s anterior end
    n.d Absent 3.5 mm
    N. ovalis
    Schultz,
    1978
    n.d n.d Yes; obovate
    Not visible Ovoid n.d n.d n.d Absent n.d 2.5-2.6 mm
    N, ocellatus
    Shimomura &
    Ohtsuka, 2011
    Antennae-2 pairs Slightly indicated segmentation Yes; Rounded 5 pairs Elongate ovate Rhopalophthalmus
    orientalis
    Ventral thoracic gills / appendages Female’s head pointed to
    its host’s anterior end
    3 pleomeres; pleopod- 2 pairs; pleotelson present 1 pair- small eyes 1.4 - 2.1 mm
    N. lobus
    Schultz, 1977
    nd Slightly indicated segmentation Yes; Rounded 3 pairs Lobular shape n.d n.d n.d Absent n.d 1.9 - 2.6 mm
    N. lobatus
    Pillai,
    1964
    Antennae-1 pair No segmentation Yes; Sub-
    truncated
    5 pairs Elongate ovate Rhopalophthalmus
    tattersallae
    Ventral abdomen n.d 4 pleons, 3rd pleon- 1pleopod; 4rth pleon -1 uropod Absent 1.5 mm
    N. lateralis
    G.O.Sars,
    1885
    n.d Slightly indicated segmentation Yes; Subtruncated 5 pairs Sac like body Hansarsiamegalops,
    Hansarsia difficilis
    Thoracic legs / penultimate gill Female’s head pointed to
    its host's posterior end
    n.d Absent 2 mm
    N. globularis
    G.O. Sars,
    1885
    n.d (Antennae-2pairs*) Slightly indicated segmentation ( 3 incomplete segments*) Yes; Rounded-truncated (Rounded truncated*) 5 pairs
    (5 pairs*)
    Ovoid; n.d (Ovoid; Symmetrical*) Thysanoessa gregaria; (Siriella aequiremis*) Posterior part of dorsal carapace; (Same*) Female’s head pointed towards
    host’s posterior end;
    (Same*)
    n.d (Pleopod absent*) n.d (Eyes absent*) n.d (1.5mm*)
    N. clypeatus
    (G.O. Sars,
    1883)
    Antennae -2 pairs; antennule -1 pair 3 or 4 segments Yes; Rounded 5 pairs Oblong –ovate;
    symmetrical
    Pseudomma
    roseum; Pseudomma
    truncatum
    Dorsal cephalothorax n.d pleonites fused with broad and long pleotelson Absent 3-5mm
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Morphological diagnostic characters of adult males of species of Notophryxus genus. Males of N. ovalis Schultz, 1978 and N. globularis G.O. Sars, 1885 are so far undescribed; * indicates the description of N. globularis male from the Arabian Sea; n.d- not described.

    Morphological
    characteristics of
    adult male
    Number of pereomere Distinct head Number of pereopods Pleon; Pleotelson; Uropod Attachment to the adult female Antennae Dorsal Ridges Body length
    Notophryxus ovoides
    G.O. Sars, 1883
    6 Yes 6 pairs Pleotelson with no uropod n.d 2 pairs n.d Absent
    Notophryxus ocellatus
    Shimomura & Ohtsuka, 2011
    The male contained in the marsupium of one female was cryptoniscid in form with an oral sucker 0.75 mm
    Notophryxus longicaudatus
    Vanhöffen, 1914
    7 Yes 7 pairs Pleotelson without distinct structures; Long style like uropoda Ventral abdominal concavity of female 2 pairs of filiform antennae n.d n.d
    Notophryxus lobus
    Schultz, 1977
    7 Yes Yes; Rounded Lobular shape n.d n.d n.d n.d
    Notophryxus lobatus
    Pillai, 1964
    7 Yes 7 pairs Pleon -6 segmented; Pleopod and uropod absent. Attached to the posterior end of the female’s ventral groove 1 Pair of antennae Cephalon without dorsal ridge; pereomeres 1-7 and pleomeres 1-2 each with a single transverse dorsal ridges 1 mm
    Notophryxus lateralis
    G. O. Sars, 1885
    6 Yes n.d n.d male attached laterally, at the posterio-ventral side of the ventral groove present absent .5 mm
    Notophryxus. globularis
    G.O. Sars,1885
    6* Yes* 6 pairs* Single segmented pleon without appendages; pleotelson with a pair of uropod* attached longitudinally to the posterior region of the ventral groove* 1 Pair of antennae* Cephalon without dorsal ridge; Pereon 1-6 each with a single transverse dorsal ridge; Pleon with a single dorsal ridge* .5mm*
    Notophryxus clypeatus
    (G.O. Sars,1883)
    7 Yes 7 pairs Pleotelson without distinct structures; Uropod absent
    Ventral abdominal cavity of female 2 pairs of filiform antennae Absent n.d
    下载: 导出CSV
  • Ariyama H, Saito N, Shimomura M. 2016. Heterophryxus pacificus, a new species of dajid isopod from the central North Pacific. Crustacean Research, 45: 29–35, doi: 10.18353/crustacea.45.0_29, doi: doi:10.18353/crustacea.45.0_29
    Boyko C B, Moss J, Williams J D, et al. 2013. A molecular phylogeny of Bopyroidea and Cryptoniscoidea (Crustacea: Isopoda). Systematics and Biodiversity, 11(4): 495–506, doi: 10.1080/14772000.2013.865679
    Boyko C B, Bruce N L, Hadfield K A, Merrin K L, Ota Y, Poore G C, Taiti S, Schotte M, Wilson G D. 2019. World Marine, Freshwater and Terrestrial Isopod Crustaceans database in the Catalogue of Life.https://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p =taxdetails& id=147041[2022-11-10], doi: 10.15468/gnc33i
    Boyko C B, Williams J D. 2021. A review of the genus Zonophryxus Richardson, 1903 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Dajidae) with recognition of Colypurus agassizi Richardson, 1905 (Crustacea: Isopoda: Colypuridae) as a synonym of Zonophryxus similis Searle, 1914 and the requisite sinking of Colypuridae. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 134(1): 243–264, doi: 10.2988/0006-324X-134.1.243
    Brandt A. 1993. Redescription of Notophryxus clypeatus Sars. 1885. a parasitic isopod of mysidaceans from the Kobeinsey Ridge, north of Iceland. Sarsia, 78(2): 123–127, doi: 10.1080/00364827.1993.10413529
    Brandt A, Janssen H H. 1994. Redescription of Zonophryxus quinquedens Barnard, 1913 (Crustacea, Isopoda, Dajidae) from the Weddell Sea, Antarctica, with notes on its biology and zoogeography. Polar Biology, 14(5): 343–350, doi: 10.1007/BF00238450
    Brinton E. 1962. The distribution of Pacific euphausiids. Bulletin of the Scripps Institution of Oceanography, 8(2): 21–270, https://escholarship.org/uc/item/6db5n157
    Brinton E, Gopalakrishnan K. 1973. The distribution of Indian Ocean euphausiids. In: Zeitzschel B, Gerlach S A, eds. The Biology of the Indian Ocean. Berlin: Springer, 357–382,doi: 10.1007/978-3-642-65468-8_31
    Brinton E, Ohman M D, Townsend A W, et al. 2000. Euphausiids of the World Ocean. In: World Biodiversity Database CD-ROM Series, Window version 1, ISBN: 3-540-14770-5
    Coyle K O, Mueller G J. 1981. Larval and juvenile stages of the isopod Holophryxus alaskensis (Epicarida, Dajidae) parasitic on decapods. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 38(11): 1438–1443, doi: 10.1139/f81-190
    De Silva-Dávila R, Palomares-García R, González-Rodríguez E, et al. 2004. Varamiento de Nematoscelis difficilis en la Bahía de La Paz, Baja California Sur, México. In: Hendrickx M, ed. Contributions to the Study of East Pacific Crustaceans. México: Instituto de Ciencias del Mar y Limnología, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, 3: 1–9
    Field L H. 1969. The biology of Notophryxus lateralis (Isopoda: Epicaridea), parasitic on the euphausiid Nematoscelis difficilis. The Journal of Parasitology, 55(6): 1271–1277, doi: 10.2307/3277273
    Gómez-Gutierrez J, Shields J D. 1998. Range extension for Oculophryxus bicaulis Shields & Gómez, 1996 (Isopoda, Dajidae) in the South China Sea. Crustaceana, 71(2): 167–170, doi: 10.1163/156854098x00149
    Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Castellanos-Osorio I. 2010. Heterophryxus appendiculatus G. O. Sars, 1885 (Isopoda, Dajidae): Extension of its known range in the northeast Pacific and Caribbean Sea (Mexico) that indicates inter-ocean zoogeographic distribution. Crustaceana, 83(10): 1221–1230, doi: 10.1163/001121610X527 004
    Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Robinson C J, Kawaguchi S, et al. 2010. Parasite diversity of Nyctiphanes simplex and Nematoscelis difficilis (Crustacea: Euphausiacea) along the northwestern coast of Mexico. Diseases of Aquatic Organisms, 88(3): 249–266, doi: 10.3354/dao02155
    Gómez-Gutiérrez J, Morales-Ávila J R, Kawaguchi S. 2017. Global Diversity and Ecological Function of Parasites of Euphausiids. Cham: Springer, 17–38,doi: 10.1007/978-3-319-41055-5
    Gotto R V. 1983. A hitherto undescribed juvenile stage of a female dajid isopod. Journal of Crustacean Biology, 3(4): 629–635, doi: 10.1163/193724083X00292
    Hansen, H. J. (1911) The genera and species of the order Euphausiacea, with an account of remarkable variation. Bulletin del’Institut Océanographique de Monaco, 210, 1–54.
    Murtey M D, Ramasamy P. 2016. Sample preparations for scanning electron microscopy–life sciences. In: Janecek E, Kral R, eds. Modern Electron Microscopy in Physical and Life Sciences, ISBN: 9789535150633, 9535150634
    Ohtsuka S, Harada S, Shimomura M, et al. 2007. Temporal partitioning: dynamics of alternating occupancy of a host microhabitat by two different crustacean parasites. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 348: 261–272, doi: 10.3354/meps07096
    Pillai N K. 1961. Additions to the Mysidacea of Kerala. Bull. Centr. Res. Inst. Univ. Kerala, Trivandrum,8: 15–35
    Pillai N K. 1964. Isopod parasites of Indian mysids. Annals and Magazine of Natural History. 13(6): 739-743,doi: 10.1080/00222936308651423
    Pillai N K. 1965. A review of the work on the shallow-water Mysidacea of the Indian waters. In: Proceedings of the Symposium on Crustacea. Ernakulam: Marine Biological Association of India, 1681–1728
    Pillai K N. 1973. Mysidacea of the Indian Ocean. handbook to the International Zooplankton Collections 4; p. 1–125; Indian Ocean Biological Centre; Kerala state, India
    Rameshkumar G, Ravichandran S. 2014. Problems caused by isopod parasites in commercial fishes. Journal of Parasitic Diseases, 38(1): 138–141, doi: 10.1007/s12639-012-0210-4
    Rohde K. 1982. Ecology of Marine Parasites. St. Lucia: University of Queensland Press,doi: 10.5555/19840814613
    Sars G O. 1869. Undersøgelser over Christiania-fjordens Dybvansfauna anstillede paa en i Sommeren 1868 foretagen Zoologisk Reise. Nyt Magazin for Naturvidenskaberne. 16: 305-362
    Sars, G. O. (1870). Carcinologiske Bidrag til Norges Fauna. I. Monographi over de ved Norges Kyster forekommende Mysider. Pt. 1 Christiania, K. Norske Viidenskab. Trondhjem. 64 pp, pls. I–V.
    Sars G O. 1879. Crustacea et Pycnogonida nova in itinere 2do et 3tio expeditionis Norvegicae anno 1877 & 78 collecta (prodromus descriptionis). Archiv for Mathematik og Naturvidenskab, 4: 427–476, ISSN 0365-4524
    Sars G O. 1883. Oversigt af norges crustaceer med foreløbige bemærkninger over de nye eller mindre bekjendte Arter. Forhandlinger I. Videnskabs-Selskabet i Christiana, 18: 1–124, pls. 1-6, Source id: 5661
    Sars G O. 1885. Report on the Schizopoda collected by HMS Challenger during the years 13 (3): 1873–1876, Zoology. 13 (part 37): 1–228, pl. 1–38
    Sars G O. 1899. An account of the Crustacea of Norway, with short descriptions and figures of all the Species, 2. Universitets-forlaget, ISBN: 9781359115287
    Schotte M. 1995. Gnathia arabica, n. s. First record of a gnathiid from the Arabian Sea, and new records of isopods (Crustacea; Isopoda) from Pakistan in collections of the Smithsonian Institution. In: Thompson M F, Tirmizi N S, eds. The Arabian Sea, Living Resources and the Environment. Lahore: Vanguard Press, 111–118
    Schultz G A. 1977. Bathypelagic Isopod Crustacea from the Antarctic and Southern Seas. Antarctic Research Series, Biology of the Antarctic Seas. 23(3): 69-128, Source id: 47006
    Schultz G A. 1978. More planktonic isopod crustaceans from subantarctic and Antarctic Seas. In: Pawson D L, ed. Biology of the Antarctic Seas VII. Washington: The American Geophysical Union, 27: 69–89, Source id: 47007
    Sebastian M J. 1970. On two isopod parasites of Indian euphausiids. Journal of Natural History, 4(2): 153–158, doi: 10.1080/00222937000770161
    Shaw J J. 2023. Hansarsia nom. nov. , a replacement name for Nematoscelis G. O. Sars, 1883 (Crustacea: EuphausiidShawae), a junior homonym of Nematoscelis Wollaston, 1867 (Coleoptera: Staphylinidae: Aleocharinae). Zootaxa, 5256(1): 84–86,doi: 10.11646/zootaxa.5256.1.6
    Shields J D, Gómez-Gutiérrez J. 1996. Oculophryxus bicaulis, a new genus and species of dajid isopod parasitic on the euphausiid Stylocheiron affine Hansen. International Journal for Parasitology, 26(3): 261–268, doi: 10.1016/0020-7519(95)00126-3
    Shimomura M, Ohtsuka S, Naito K. 2005. Prodajus curviabdominalis n. sp. (Isopoda: Epicaridea: Dajidae), an ectoparasite of mysids, with notes on morphological changes, behaviour and life-cycle. Systematic Parasitology, 60(1): 39–57, doi: 10.1007/s11230-004-1375-8
    Shimomura M, Ohtsuka S. 2008. New record of a euphausiid ectoparasitic isopod, Heterophryxus appendiculatus GO Sars, 1885 (Crustacea: Dajidae) from Japan. Proceedings of the Biological Society of Washington, 121(3): 326–330, doi: 10.2988/07-09.1
    Shimomura M, Ohtsuka S. 2011. Two new species of ectoparasitic isopods (Isopoda, Dajidae) from mysids in Japan. In: Asakura A, ed. New Frontiers in Crustacean Biology. Boston: Brill, 23–30,doi: 10.1163/ej.9789004174252.i-354.24
    Smith, S. I. (1879). The stalk-eyed crustaceans of the Atlantic coast of North America north of Cape Cod. Transactions of the Connecticut Academy of Arts and Sciences. 5(2): 27–138, pls. 8–12,doi: 10.5962/bhl.title.10046
    Strickland J D H, Parsons T R. 1972. A Practical Handbook of Seawater Analysis. Ottawa: Fisheries Research Board of Canada,doi: 10.25607/OBP-1791
    Tattersall W M. 1951. The mysidacea of the United States National museum. Bulletin of the United States National Museum, 201: 1–292, doi: 10.5479/si.03629236.201.1
    Tattersall O S. 1957. Report on a small collection of Mysidacea from the Sierra Leone estuary together with a survey of the genus Rhopalophthalmus Illig and a description ofa new species of Tenagomysis from Lagos, Nigeria. Proceedings of the Royal Society London. 129: 81–128,doi: 10.1111/j.1096-3642.1957.tb00282.x
    Vanhöffen E. 1914. Die Isopoden der Deutschen Sd̈polar-Expedition, 1901–1903. Deutschen Südpolar Expedition, 7: 447–598, crid: 1573105974301575552
    Wägele J W. 1992. Co‐evolution between Fishes and Crustaceans. Acta zoologica Lituanica, 73(5): 355–356, doi: 10.1111/j.1463-6395.1992.tb01107.x
    Williams J D, Boyko C B, 2012. The global diversity of parasitic isopods associated with crustacean hosts (Isopoda: Bopyroidea and Cryptoniscoidea). PLoS One, 7(4): e35350,doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035350
    Williams J D, Boyko C B, 2021. Out on a limb: novel morphology and position on appendages of two new genera and three new species of ectoparasitic isopods (Epicaridea: Dajidae) infesting isopod and decapod hosts. Zoosystema, 43(4): 79–100,doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0035350
  • 加载中
计量
  • 文章访问数:  138
  • HTML全文浏览量:  66
  • 被引次数: 0
出版历程
  • 收稿日期:  2022-11-27
  • 录用日期:  2023-04-19
  • 网络出版日期:  2024-03-15

目录

    /

    返回文章
    返回