Thermal and exhumation history of the Songnan Low Uplift, Qiongdongnan Basin: constraints from the apatite fission-track and zircon (U-Th)/He thermochronology

Xiaoyin Tang Kaixun Zhang Shuchun Yang Shuai Guo Xinyan Zhao Zhizhao Bai

Xiaoyin Tang, Kaixun Zhang, Shuchun Yang, Shuai Guo, Xinyan Zhao, Zhizhao Bai. Thermal and exhumation history of the Songnan Low Uplift, Qiongdongnan Basin: constraints from the apatite fission-track and zircon (U-Th)/He thermochronology[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2253-z
Citation: Xiaoyin Tang, Kaixun Zhang, Shuchun Yang, Shuai Guo, Xinyan Zhao, Zhizhao Bai. Thermal and exhumation history of the Songnan Low Uplift, Qiongdongnan Basin: constraints from the apatite fission-track and zircon (U-Th)/He thermochronology[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2253-z

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2253-z

Thermal and exhumation history of the Songnan Low Uplift, Qiongdongnan Basin: constraints from the apatite fission-track and zircon (U-Th)/He thermochronology

Funds: The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 42072181; the CNOOC Research Project "Resource Potential, Reservoir Formation Mechanism and Breakthrough Direction of Potential Oil-rich Depressions in Offshore Basins of China".
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  • Figure  1.  Regional geological outline of the Qiongdongnan Basin (QDNB) (a), and the basin tectonic units (b). Fault distribution and observation points in b are from Zhou et al. (2019).

    Figure  2.  Comprehensive stratigraphic column of the Qiongdongnan Basin modified after Ji et al. (2021), Ren et al. (2022), and Wang et al. (2015).

    Figure  3.  Sample geochemical features (a) SiO2 vs. K2O+Na2O (Middlemost, 1994), (b) SiO2 vs. K2O scheme (Rickwood, 1989), (c) 10,000*Ga/Al vs. Ce plot (Whalen et al., 1987), (d) A/CNK vs. A/NK diagram (Maniar and Piccoli, 1989), (d) Rb vs. Y plot (Chappell, 1999), and (f) Y+Nb vs. Rb plot (Pearce et al., 1984).

    Figure  4.  Chondrite-normalized REE patterns (a) and primitive mantle normalized trace element patterns (b) of the basement samples.

    Figure  5.  Radial plots of apatite fission-track (left) and confined track length histograms (right). Central ages are calculated using RadialPlotter (Vermeesch, 2009). MTL-mean track length, SD-standard deviation, NL-number of spontaneous tracks.

    Figure  6.  Modeling results for sample Q1 (a) from the western bulge of the Songnan Low Uplift and sample Q12 (b) from the eastern bulge. Illustrated are the t-T paths on the left (a1 & b1) with the corresponding confined fission-track length frequency distribution (a2 & b2) and the ZHe diffusion profile (b3) on the right. The t-T paths on the left show different fits: green paths, acceptable fit (GOF ≥ 5%); pink paths, good fit (GOF ≥ 50%); black line, weighted mean path.

    Figure  7.  Comparative presentation of weighted mean paths from thermal models. The dashed line is the weighted mean thermal history for sample Q12 from the east bulge, and the solid line is the weighted mean thermal history for sample Q1 from the west bulge.

    Figure  8.  Activity rate of the main controlling faults in the Songnan Low Uplift during the Eocene-early Oligocene and Late Oligocene. (a)-No.2 fault, (b)-No.11 fault (Zhou et al., 2019). For locations of the observation points see Fig. 1b.

    Table  1.   Sample information.

    SampleU-Pb Age (Ma)Burial temperature (℃)LithologyOverlying strata
    Q1228.9 ± 1.0~ 63Quartaz monzoniteSanya Formation
    Q12270.0 ± 1.2~ 75Quartaz monzoniteYacheng Formation
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  2.   Apatite fission-track data.

    SampleNcNs$\rho_{\rm{s}} $ (×105cm−2)238U (10−6)P($\chi $2)%Central Age (Ma±1$\sigma $)NLMTL (μm±1$\sigma $)SDDpar (μm±SD)
    Q1328252.4277.226869.2±2.62412.26±0.281.391.71±0.23
    Q12333673.2210.496460.1±3.41811.79±0.291.261.51±0.13
    Nc: number of apatite crystals analyzed; Ns: total number of fission tracks counted; $\rho_{\rm{s}} $: spontaneous track density; P($\chi $2): chi-square probability that all single-crystal ages represent a single population of ages where degrees of freedom = Nc-1; NL: number of confined track lengths measured: MTL: Mean confined track length; SD: standard deviation; Dpar: mean track etch pit diameter parallel to the crystallographic c-axis; Apatite-Zeta NIST610=1940±50.
    下载: 导出CSV

    Table  3.   Zircon (U-Th)/He data.

    Sample238U (10−6)±1$\sigma $ (10−6)232Th (10−6)±1$\sigma $ (10−6)He (ncc)±1$\sigma $ (ncc)Unc. Age (Ma)±1$\sigma $ (Ma)Rs (μm)FTCor. Age (Ma)±1$\sigma $ (Ma)
    Q1-1100.52.441.71.021.45410.2585368.58.846.70.758486.111.6
    Q1-297.72.334.00.916.19750.1605205.14.851.50.825248.55.8
    Q1-3222.45.056.01.222.40050.221583.41.957.40.804103.72.4
    Q12-12013.244.6490.611.226.03630.280847.21.140.70.72765.01.5
    Q12-21711.536.5487.512.312.01090.132831.20.734.50.68945.31.0
    Q12-3715.111.5174.32.312.91250.130857.31.038.50.77573.91.3
    Q12-4334.175.0279.890.9611.34780.1149116.32.0137.00.762152.72.64
    Rs: sphere equivalent radius of hexagonal crystal; FT: alpha ejection correction factor.
    下载: 导出CSV
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  • 收稿日期:  2023-07-04
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