LIN Shiquan, HUANG Lingfeng, LU Jiachang. Weak coupling between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria in the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass area[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 125-132. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0523-5
Citation: LIN Shiquan, HUANG Lingfeng, LU Jiachang. Weak coupling between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria in the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass area[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 125-132. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0523-5

Weak coupling between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria in the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass area

doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0523-5
  • Received Date: 2013-02-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2013-09-13
  • A study was carried out to investigate the grazing pressure of heterotrophic nanoflagellates (HNF) on bacteria assemblages in the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass (YSCWM) area in October, 2006. The results show that the HNF abundance ranges from 303 to 1 388 mL-1, with a mean of 884 mL-1. The HNF biomass is equivalent to 10.6%-115.6% of that of the bacteria. The maximum abundance of the HNF generally occurred in the upper 30 m water layer, with a vertical distribution pattern of surface layer abundance greater than middle layer abundance, then bottom layer abundance. The hydrological data show that the YSCWM is located in the northeastern part of the study area, typically 40 m beneath the surface. A weak correlation is found between the abundances of HNF and bacteria in both the YSCWM and its above water layer. One-way ANOVA analysis reveals that the abundance of HNF and bacteria differs between inside the YSCWM and in the above water mass. The ingestion rates of the HNF on bacteria was 8.02±3.43 h-1 in average. The grazing rate only represented 22.75%±6.91% of bacterial biomass or 6.55%+4.24% of bacterial production, implying that the HNF grazing was not the major factor contributing to the bacterial loss in the YSCWM areas.
  • loading
  • Adamczewski T, Chróst R J, Kalinowska K, et al. 2010. Relationships between bacteria and heterotrophic nanoflagellates in lake water examined by different techniques controlling grazing pressure. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 60(2): 203-213
    Andersen P, Sørensen H M. 1986. Population dynamics and trophic coupling in pelagic microorganisms in eutrophic coastal waters. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 33: 99-109
    Azam F, Fenchel T, Field J G, et al. 1983. The ecological role of watercolumn microbes in the sea. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 10(3): 257-263
    Børsheim K Y, Bratbak G. 1987. Cell volume to cell carbon conversion factors for a bacterivorous Monas sp. enriched from seawater. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 36(17): 171-175
    Bettarel Y, Dolan J R, Hornak K, et al. 2002. Strong, weak, and missing links in a microbial community of the NW Mediterranean Sea. FEMS Microbiology Ecology, 42(3): 451-462
    Bjørnsen P K, Riemann B, Horsted S J, et al. 1988. Trophic interactions between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacterioplankton in manipulated seawater enclosures. Limnology and Oceanography, 33(3): 409-420
    Breitbart M, Middelboe M, Rohwer F. 2008. Marine viruses: community dynamics, diversity and impact on microbial processes. In: Kirchman D L, ed. Microbial Ecology of the Oceans. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 443-479
    Caron D A, Peele E R, Lim E L, et al. 1999. Picoplankton and nanoplankton and their trophic coupling in surface waters of the Sargasso Sea south of Bermuda. Limnology and Oceanography, 44(2): 259-272
    Choi D H, Hwang C Y, Cho B C. 2003. Comparison of virus-and bacterivory-induced bacterial mortality in the eutrophic Masan Bay, Korea. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 30(2): 117-125
    Gasol J M, Vaqué D. 1993. Lack of coupling between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria: a general phenomenon across aquatic systems? Limnology and Oceanography, 38(3): 657-665
    Hamels I, Muylaert K, Casteleyn G, et al. 2001. Uncoupling of bacterial production and flagellate grazing in aquatic sediments: a case study from an intertidal flat. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 25(1): 31-42
    Hu Dunxin, Wang Qingye. 2004. Interannual variability of the southern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 22(3): 231-236
    Huang Lingfeng, Pan Ke, Guo Feng. 2006. Quantitative relationship between flagellate abundance and suspended particle density in Huanghai Sea and East China Sea in summer. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 25(2): 109-118
    Huo Yuanzi, Wang Shiwei, Sun Song, et al. 2008. Feeding and egg production of the planktonic copepod Calanus sinicus in spring and autumn in the Yellow Sea, China. Journal of Plankton Research, 30(6): 123-134
    Jeong H J, Song J E, Kang N S, et al. 2007. Feeding by heterotrophic dinoflagellates on the common marine heterotrophic nanoflagellate Cafeteria sp. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 333: 151-160
    Jin Xianshi, Tang Qisheng. 1996. Changes in fish species diversity and dominant species composition in the Yellow Sea. Fisheries Research, 26(3-4): 337-352
    Jürgens K, Massana R. 2008. Protistan grazing on marine bacterioplankton. In: Kirchman D L, ed. Microbial Ecology of the Oceans. Hoboken: John Wiley & Sons, 383-441
    Jürgens K, Wickham S A, Rothhaupt K O, et al. 1996. Feeding rates of macro-and microzooplankton on heterotrophic nanoflagellates. Limnology and Oceanography, 41(8): 1833-1839
    Kimmance S A, Atkinson D, Montagnes D J S. 2006. Do temperaturefood interactions matter? Responses of production and its components in the model heterotrophic flagellate Oxyrrhis marina. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 42(1): 63-73
    Lee S, Fuhrman J A. 1987. Relationships between biovolume and biomass of naturally derived marine bacterioplankton. Applied and Environmental Microbiology, 53(6): 1298-1303
    Li Hongbo, Xiao Tian, Ding Tao, et al. 2006. Effect of the Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass (YSCWM) on distribution of bacterioplankton. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 26(4): 1012-1019
    Montagnes D J S, Barbosa A B, Boenigk J, et al. 2008. Selective feeding behaviour of key free-living protists: avenues for continued study. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 53(1): 83-98
    Montagnes D J S, Kimmance S A, Atkinson D. 2003. Using Q10: can growth rates increase linearly with temperature? Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 32(3): 307-313
    Parsons T R, Maita Y, Lalli C M. 1984. A Manual of Chemical and Biological Methods for Seawater Analysis. Oxford: Pergamon Press, 101-114
    Pernthaler J. 2005. Predation on prokaryotes in the water column and its ecological implications. Nature Reviews Microbiology, 3(7): 537-546
    Porter K G, Feig Y S. 1980. The use of DAPI for identifying and counting aquatic microflora. Limnology and Oceanography, 25(5): 943-948
    Rose J M, Vora N M, Countway P D, et al. 2009. Effects of temperature on growth rate and gross growth efficiency of an Antarctic bacterivorous protist. The ISME Journal, 3(2): 252-260
    Sanders R W, Caron D A, Berninger U G. 1992. Relationships between bacteria and heterotrophic nanoplankton in marine and fresh waters: an inter-ecosystem comparison. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 86: 1-14
    Sanders R W, Leeper D, King C H, et al. 1994. Grazing by rotifers and crustacean zooplankton on nanoplanktonic protists. Hydrobiologia 288(3): 167-181
    Schlitzer R. 2011. Ocean Data View. Sherr B F, Sherr E B, Newell S Y. 1984. Abundance and productivity of heterotrophic nanoplankton in Georgia coastal waters. Journal of Plankton Research, 6(1): 195-202
    Sherr E B. 1988. Direct use of high molecular weight polysaccharide by heterotrophic flagellates. Nature, 335(6188): 348-351
    Sherr E B, Sherr B F. 1993. Protistan grazing rates via uptake of fluorescently labeled prey. In: Kemp P F, Sherr E B, Sherr B F, et al., eds. Handbook of Methods in Aquatic Microbial Ecology. Boca Raton: Lewis Publishers, 695-701
    Sherr E B, Sherr B F. 1994. Bacterivory and herbivory: key roles of phagotrophic protists in pelagic food webs. Microbial Ecology, 28(2): 223-235
    Sleigh M A. 2000. Trophic strategie. In: Leadbeater B S C, Green J C, eds. The Flagellates: Unity, Diversity and Evolution. London: Taylor & Francis, 147-165
    Šolić M, Krstulović N, Bojanić N, et al. 1998. Seasonal switching between relative importance of bottom-up and top-down control of bacterial and heterotrophic nanoflagellate abundance. Journal of the Marine Biological Association of the United Kingdom, 78(3): 755-766
    Tadonléké R D, Pinel-Alloul B, Bourbonnais N, et al. 2004. Factors affecting the bacteria-heterotrophic nanoflagellate relationship in oligo-mesotrophic lakes. Journal of Plankton Research, 26(6): 681-695
    Wang Rong, Zuo Tao, Wang Ke. 2003. The Yellow Sea Cold Bottom Water-an oversummering site for Calanus sinicus (Copepoda, Crustacea). Journal of Plankton Research, 25(2): 169-183
    Wieltschnig C, Kirschner A K T, Steitz A, et al. 2001. Weak coupling between heterotrophic nanoflagellates and bacteria in a eutrophic freshwater environment. Microbial Ecology, 42(2): 159-167
    Wieltschnig C, Wihlidal P, Ulbricht T, et al. 1999. Low control of bacterial production by heterotrophic nanoflagellates in a eutrophic backwater environment. Aquatic Microbial Ecology, 17(1): 77-89
    Zöllner E, Hoppe H-G, Sommer U, et al. 2009. Effect of zooplanktonmediated trophic cascades on marine microbial food web components (bacteria, nanoflagellates, ciliates). Limnology and Oceanography, 54(1): 262-275
    Zhao Sanjun, Xiao Tian, Lu Ruihua, et al. 2010. Spatial variability in biomass and production of heterotrophic bacteria in the East China Sea and the Yellow Sea. Deep Sea Research Part II, 57(11/12): 1071-1078
    Zhao Yuan, Zhao Li, Xiao Tian, et al. 2011. Spatial and temporal variation of picoplankton distribution in the Yellow Sea, China. Chinese Journal of Oceanology and Limnology, 29(1): 150-161
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1459) PDF downloads(1375) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint