CHI Shan, QIAN Hao, LI Tianyong, WANG Xumin, LIU Cui, REN Lei, TANG Xuexi, LIU Tao. Phylogeny of genera Laminaria and Saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) based on three molecular markers[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 139-151. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0525-3
Citation: CHI Shan, QIAN Hao, LI Tianyong, WANG Xumin, LIU Cui, REN Lei, TANG Xuexi, LIU Tao. Phylogeny of genera Laminaria and Saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) based on three molecular markers[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2014, 33(9): 139-151. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0525-3

Phylogeny of genera Laminaria and Saccharina (Laminariales, Phaeophyceae) based on three molecular markers

doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0525-3
  • Received Date: 2013-02-07
  • Rev Recd Date: 2014-02-11
  • In the past two decades, many studies have focused on the classification within genus Laminaria, ultimately trying to divide it into two subgroups or genera: Laminaria and Saccharina. A significant debate still surrounds the question of its division, as the conflicting phylogenetic hypotheses that have resulted from the classification studies are based on different taxon sampling, molecular markers, or analysis methods. It is aimed at elucidate the molecular phylogeny within Laminaria and Saccharina. The nine species of Laminariales are sampled from northern Asia and Europe, and 23 new sequences in the nuclear, plastid, and mitochondrial genomes are determined to identify their taxonomic status. The phylogenetic analyses of 71 species are performed, including representatives from six of the seven families of the order Laminariales, based on three separate data sets. An evidence is provided to strongly support a clear split that maintains the two recognized genera, Laminaria and Saccharina, with Laminaria appearing to be the ancestor group. Further, analyses indicate that all taxa in Saccharina and Laminaria did not form a monophyletic lineage, instead Laminariaceae and Lessoniaceae grouped together interlacedly, and Costariaceae appeared as the sister taxon of the Lessoniaceae-Laminariaceae clade. In the phylogenetic analysis, mitochondrial c oxidase I (COI) sequences appeared to be the most credible molecular marker which was more befitting than nuclear encoded internal transcribed spacer (ITS) and plastid encoded rbcL for establishment of Laminariales systematics. It is the most comprehensive phylogeny of the order Laminariales, and contributes to an enhanced understanding and estimation of the phylogenetic relationships for the economically important seaweeds, Laminaria and Saccharina.
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