WANG Yu, XIANG Peng, YE Youyin, LIN Gengming, YANG Qingliang, LIN Heshan, LIN Mao. Community structure and spatial-temporal variation of netz-phytoplankton in the Bering Sea in summer[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(4): 99-107. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0833-x
Citation: WANG Yu, XIANG Peng, YE Youyin, LIN Gengming, YANG Qingliang, LIN Heshan, LIN Mao. Community structure and spatial-temporal variation of netz-phytoplankton in the Bering Sea in summer[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(4): 99-107. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0833-x

Community structure and spatial-temporal variation of netz-phytoplankton in the Bering Sea in summer

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0833-x
  • Received Date: 2014-09-25
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-08-07
  • Marine biodiversity is changing in response to altered physical environment, subsequent ecological changes as well as anthropogenic disturbances. In this study, phytoplankton samples in situ collected in the Bering Sea in July of 1999 and 2010 were analyzed to obtain phytoplankton community structure and spatial-temporal variation between the beginning and end of this decade, and the correlation of phytoplankton community dynamics and environmental factors was investigated. A total of 5 divisions, 58 genera and 153 species of phytoplankton belonging to 3 ecological groups were identified. The vast majority of phytoplankton consisted of diatoms accounting for 66.7% of the total species and 95.2% of the total abundance. Considering differentiation in spatial extent and phytoplankton sample types, there were subtle changes in species composition, large altering in abundance and significant variation in spatial distribution between two surveys. The abundance peak area was located at the Bering Strait while sub peak was found at the Bering Sea Basin. The boreal-temperate diatom was the dominant flora, which was subsequently replaced by eurythermal and frigid-water diatom. Phytoplankton community in the Bering Sea was not a simplex uniform community but composed of deep-ocean assemblage and neritic assemblage. The deep-ocean assemblage was located in the northwestern Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea Basin, dominated by boreal-temperate species(Neodenticula seminae, Thalassiothrix longissima, Amphiprora hyperborean, Chaetoceros atlanticus, Thalassiosira trifulta, etc.) and eurychoric species(Thalassionema nitzschioides, Ch. compressus, Rhizosolenia styliformis, etc.), and characterized by low abundance, even inter-species abundance allocations, diverse dominant species and high species diversity. The neritic assemblage was distributed on the continental shelf and slope of Bering Sea and was mainly composed of frigid-water species(Th. nordenskiöldii, Ch. furcellatus, Ch. socialis, Bacteriosira fragilis, etc.) and eurythermal and euryhaline species(L. danicus, Ch. curvisetus, Coscinodiscus curvatulus, etc.), and it was characterized by high abundance, uneven inter-species allocations, prominent dominant species and low species diversity. Spatial-temporal variation of species composition and abundance of phytoplankton in the Bering Sea was directly controlled by surface circulation, nutrient supply and ice edge.
  • loading
  • Allen W E. 1930. Methods in quantitative research on marine micro-plankton. Bull Scripps Inst Oceanogr, 2:319-329
    Berger W H, Fischer K, Lai C, et al. 1987. Ocean productivity and or-ganic carbon flux, part I:overview and maps of primary pro-duction and export production. In:Scripps Institution of Oceanography SIO Reference. California:University of Califor-nia, 87-30:1-67
    Brodeur R D, Sugisaki H, Hunt Jr G L. 2002. Increases in jellyfish bio-mass in the Bering Sea:implications for the ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 233:89-103
    Coachman L K. 1986. Circulation, water masses, and fluxes on the southeastern Bering Sea shelf. Continental Shelf Research, 5(1-2):23-108
    Eslinger D L, Iverson R L. 2001. The effects of convective and wind-driven mixing on spring phytoplankton dynamics in the South-eastern Bering Sea middle shelf domain. Continental Shelf Re-search, 21(6-7):627-650
    Gao Shengquan, Chen Jianfang, Li Hongliang, et al. 2011. The distri-bution and structural conditions of nutrients in the Bering Sea in the summer of 2008. Haiyang Xuebao(in Chinese), 33(2):157-165
    Grebmeier J M, Cooper L W, Feder H M, et al. 2006. Ecosystem dy-namics of the Pacific-influenced Northern Bering and Chukchi Seas in the Amerasian Arctic. Progress in Oceanography, 71(2-4):331-361
    Guo Yujie, Qian Shuben. 2003. Flora Algarum Marinarum Sinicarum(Tomus):Bacillariophyta, Bacillariophyta. No. 1, Centricae(in Chinese). Beijing:Science Press, 1-493
    Hasle G R, Syvertsen E E. 1997. Chapter 2. Marine Diatoms. In:To-mas C R, ed. Identifying Marine Phytoplankton. California:Academic Press, 5-385
    He Jianfeng, Chen Bo, Zeng Yinxin, et al. 2005. Biomass and distribu-tion characteristics of bacteria and protozoa in the Bering Sea in summer. Haiyang Xuebao(in Chinese), 27(4):127-134
    Heimdal B R. 1989. Arctic ocean phytoplankton, In:Herman Y, ed. The Arctic Seas. New York:Van Nostrand Reinnold Company, 193-222
    Hensen V. 1887. ü ber die bestimmung des planktonsoder desim meeretreibenden materials an pflanzen und thieren. Kommis-sion zurwissenschaftlichen Untersuchung der deutschen Meere in Kiel, 1882-1886. V Bericht Jahrgang(in German), 12-16:1-107
    Jousé A P. 1962. Stratigraphic and Paleogeographic Investigations in the Northwest Part of the Pacific Ocean(in Russian). Moscow:AkadNauk SSSR, Oceanologic Institute, 1-258
    Katsuki K, Khim B K, Itaki T, et al. 2009. Land-sea linkage of Holo-cene paleoclimate on the Southern Bering Continental Shelf. The Holocene, 19(5):747-756
    Katsuki K, Takahashi K. 2005. Diatoms as paleoenvironmental prox-ies for seasonal productivity, sea-ice and surface circulation in the Bering Sea during the late Quaternary. Deep Sea Research Part Ⅱ:Topical Studies in Oceanography, 52(16-18):2110-2130
    Lee S H, Yun Mixun, Kim B K, et al. 2013. Contribution of small phytoplankton to total primary production in the Chukchi Sea. Continental Shelf Research, 68:43-50
    Lin Gengming, Yang Qingliang, Tang Senmning. 2009. Relationship between phytoplankton distribution and environmental factors in the Chukchi Sea. Marine Science Bulletin, 11(2):55-63
    Liu Ying, Zhang Fang, Lin Yun, et al. 2013. Diversity and community composition of bacterioplankton in the Bering Sea during sum-mer 2010. Chinese Journal of Polar Research(in Chinese), 25(2):113-123
    Lohmann H. 1901. Ueber das fischenmit netzen aus müllergaze nr 20 zu dem zwecke quantitativen untersuchungen des auftribs. wissenschaftliche meeresuntersuchungen. Abteilung Kiel, Neue Folge(in German), 5:46-66
    Marumo R. 1956. Diatom communities in Bering Sea and its neigh-boring waters in the summer of 1954. Oceanography Magazine, 8:69-73
    McRoy C P, Goering J J, Shiels W E. 1972. Studies of primary pro-ductivity in the eastern Bering Sea. In:Takenouti A Y, ed. Biolo-gical Oceanography of the Northern North Pacific Ocean. Tokyo:Idemitsu Shoten, 199-216
    Merico A, yrrell T, Lessard E J, et al. 2004. Modelling phytoplankton succession on the Bering Sea shelf:role of climate influences and trophic interactions in generating Emiliania huxleyi blooms 1997-2000. Deep Sea Research I, 51(12):1803-1826
    Melnikov I A. 1997. The Arctic Sea Ice Ecosystem. Amsterdam:Gor-don and Breach Science Publisher, 172
    Mordasova N V, Metreveli M P, Venttsel M V. 1995. Phytoplankton pigments in the western Bering Sea. In:Kotenev B N, Sapozh-nikov V V, eds. Multiple Investigations of the Bering Sea Ecosys-tem(in Russian). Moskva Russia:VNIRO, 256-264
    Motoda S, Minoda T. 1974. Plankton of the Bering Sea. In:Oceano-logy of the Bering Sea. Chapter 10. Fairbanks:University of Alaska Press, 207-241
    Niebauer H J, Alexander V, Henrichs S M. 1995. A time-series study of the spring bloom at the Bering Sea ice edge:I. Physical pro-cesses, chlorophyll and nutrient chemistry. Continental Shelf Research, 15(15):1859-1877
    Okolodkov Y B. 1999. Species range types of recent marine dinofla-gellates recorded from the Arctic. Grana, 38(2-3):162-169
    Olson M B, Strom S L. 2002. Phytoplankton growth, microzooplank-ton herbivory and community structure in the southeast Ber-ing Sea:insight into the formation and temporal persistence of an Emiliania huxleyi bloom. Deep Sea Research Part Ⅱ, 49(26):5969-5990
    Saitoh S I, Iida T, Sasaoka K. 2002. A description of temporal and spa-tial variability in the Bering Sea spring phytoplankton blooms(1997-1999) using satellite multi-sensor remote sensing. Pro-gress in Oceanography, 55(1-2):131-146
    Sancetta C A. 1982. Distribution of diatom species in surface sedi-ments of the Bering and Okhotsk Seas. Micropaleontology, 28(3):221-257
    Semina G J, Jousé A P. 1959. Diatoms in biocoenosis of western part of the Bering Sea. Tr Inst Oceanol Akad Nauk, SSSP(in Russian), 30:52-67
    Shimada C, Burckle L H, Tanimura Y. 2003. Morphological variability in Neodenticula seminae, a marine planktonic diatom in the North Pacific Ocean and Bering Sea. Diatom Research, 18(2):307-322
    Simonsen R, Kanaya T. 1961. Notes on the marine species of the diat-om genus Denticula Kütz. Internationale Revue der Gesamten Hydrobiologie und Hydrographie, 46(4):498-513
    Springer A M, McRoy C P, Flint M V. 1996. The Bering Sea green belt:shelf-edge processes and ecosystem production. Fisheries Oceanography, 5(3-4):205-223
    Stabeno P J, Bond N A, Kachel N B, et al. 2001. On the temporal vari-ability of the physical environment over the south-eastern Ber-ing Sea. Fisheries Oceanography, 10(1):81-98
    Stockwell D A, Whitledge T E, Zeeman S I, et al. 2001. Anomalous conditions in the south-eastern Bering Sea 1997:nutrients, phytoplankton and zooplankton. Fisheries Oceanography, 10(1):99-116
    Sukhanova I N, Flint M V. 1998. Anomalous blooming of coccolitho-phorids over the eastern Bering Sea shelf. Oceanology, 38(4):502-505
    Sukhanova I N, Flint M V, Pautova L A, et al. 2009. Phytoplankton of the western Arctic in the spring and summer of 2002:structure and seasonal changes. Deep Sea Research Part:Topical Stud-ies in Oceanography, 56(17):1223-1236
    Sun Jun, Liu Dongyan, Qian Shuben. 2000. The standing crop distri-bution and species composition of phytoplankton near Ry-ukyu-gunto water and its correlation with the water mass in summer, 1997. In:Su Jilan, Yuan Yaochu, eds. The Second China-Japan Joint Symposium on Cooperative Study of Sub-tropical Circulation System(in Chinese). Beijing:China Ocean Press, 189-217
    Sun Jun, Liu Dongyan, Qian Shuben. 2002. A quantative research and analysis method for marine phytoplankton:an introduction to Uterm.hl method and its modification. Journal of Oceano-graphy of Huanghai & Bohai Seas(in Chinese), 20(2):105-112
    Strom S L, Fredrickson K A. 2008. Intense stratification leads to phytoplankton nutrient limitation and reduced microzo-oplankton grazing in the southeastern Bering Sea. Deep Sea Re-search Part:Ⅱ. Topical Studies in Oceanography, 52(16-17):1761-1774
    Takahashi K. 1998. The Bering and Okhot sk Seas:modern and past paleoceanographic changes and gateway impact. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 16(1):49-58
    Tang Yuxiang, Jiao Yutian, Zou Emei. 2001. A preliminary analysis of the hydrographic features and water masses in the Bering Sea and the Chukchi Sea. Chinese Journal of Polar Research(in Chinese), 13(1):57-68
    Vance T C, Schumacher J D, Stabeno P J, et al. 1998. Aquamarine wa-ters recorded for first time in eastern Bering Sea. EOS, Transac-tions of the American Geophysical Union, 79(10):121-126
    Veth C, Lancelot C, Ober S. 1992. On processes determining the ver-tical stability of surface waters in the marginal ice zone of the north-western Weddell Sea and their relationship with phyto-plankton bloom development. Polar Biology, 12(2):237-243
    Walsh J J, McRoy C P, Coachman L K, et al. 1989. Carbon and nitro-gen cycling within the Bering/Chukchi Seas:source regions for organic matter effecting AOU demands of the Arctic Ocean. Progress in Oceanography, 22(4):277-359
    Wang Peng. 2009. Ecological characteristics and genetic diversity of phytoplankton in East Bering Sea(in Chinese)[dissertation]. Xiamen:School of Life Sciences, Xiamen University, 1-208
    Werner D. 1977. The Biology of Diatoms(Botanical Monographs). Oxford:Blackwell Scientific, 13:1-498
    Yang Qingliang, Lin Gengming. 2006. A multivariate analysis of net phytoplankton assemblages in the Chukchi Sea and Bering Sea. Chinese Journal of Plant Ecology(in Chinese), 30(5):763-770
    Yang Qingliang, Lin Gengming, Lin Mao, et al. 2002. Species compos-ition and distribution of phytoplankton in Chukchi Sea and Bering Sea. Chinese Journal of Polar Research(in Chinese), 14(2):113-125
    Zhang Fang, He Jianfeng, Lin Ling, et al. 2011. Distribution of pico-phytoplankton and environmental correlation analysis in Ber-ing shelf during the summer of 2008. Haiyang Xuebao(in Chinese), 33(2):134-145
    Zou Yang, Zeng Yinxin, Tian Yun, et al. 2009. Investigation of bacteri-al diversity in surface sediment from the northern Bering Sea. Chinese Journal of Polar Research(in Chinese), 21(l):15-24
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌,
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (1254) PDF downloads(993) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint