ZHENG Jiewen, LIU Baohua, KAN Guangming, LI Guanbao, PEI Yanliang, LIU Xiaolei. The sound velocity and bulk properties of sediments in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea of China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(7): 76-86. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0906-x
Citation: ZHENG Jiewen, LIU Baohua, KAN Guangming, LI Guanbao, PEI Yanliang, LIU Xiaolei. The sound velocity and bulk properties of sediments in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea of China[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(7): 76-86. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0906-x

The sound velocity and bulk properties of sediments in the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea of China

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0906-x
  • Received Date: 2015-07-09
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-09-24
  • In order to investigate the correlation between a sound velocity and sediment bulk properties and explore the influence of frequency dependence of the sound velocity on the prediction of the sediment properties by the sound velocity, a compressional wave velocity is measured at frequencies of 25-250 kHz on marine sediment samples collected from the Bohai Sea and the Yellow Sea in laboratory, together with the geotechnical parameters of sediments. The results indicate that the sound velocity ranges from 1.232 to 1.721 km/s for the collected sediment samples with a significant dispersion within the series measuring frequency. Poorly sorted sediments are highly dispersive nearly with a positive linear relationship. The porosity shows a better negative logarithmic correlation with the sound velocity compared with other geotechnical parameters. Generally, the sound velocity increases with the increasing of the average particle size, sand content, wet and dry bulk densities, and decreasing of the clay content, and water content. An important point should be demonstrated that the higher correlation can be obtained when the measuring frequency is low within the frequency ranges from 25 to 250 kHz since the inhomogeneity of sediment properties has a more remarkably influence on the laboratory sound velocity measurement at the high frequency.
  • loading
  • Best A I, Gunn D E. 1999. Calibration of marine sediment core log-gers for quantitative acoustic impedance studies. Marine Geo-logy, 160(1-2):137-146
    Best A I, Huggett Q J, Harris A J K. 2001. Comparison of in situ and laboratory acoustic measurements on Lough Hyne marine sed-iments. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 110(2):695-709
    Brandes H G, Silva A J, Sadd M H. 2001. Physical and acoustic meas-urements on cohesionless sediments from the northwest Flor-ida Sand Sheet. Geophysical Research Letter, 28(5):823-826
    Briggs K B, Richardson M D. 1997. Small-scale fluctuations in acous-tic and physical properties in surficial carbonate sediments and their relationship to bioturbation. Geo-Marine Letters, 17(4):306-315
    Briggs K B, Richardson M D, Young D K. 1985. Variability in geoacoustic and related properties of surface sediments from the Venezuela Basin, Caribbean Sea. Marine Geology, 68(1-4):73-106
    Buckingham M J, Richardson M D. 2002. On tone-burst measure-ments of sound speed and attenuation in sandy marine sedi-ments. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 27(3):429-453
    Dahl P H, Zhang Renhe, Miller J H, et al. 2004. Overview of results from the Asian seas international acoustics experiment in the East China Sea. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 29(4):920-928
    Fu Shuangsheng, Tao Chunhui, Prasad M, et al. 2004. Acoustic prop-erties of coral sands, Waikiki, Hawaii. The Journal of the Acous-tical Society of America, 115(5):2013-2020
    Gorgas T J, Wilkens R H, Fu S S, et al. 2002. in situ acoustic and labor-atory ultrasonic sound speed and attenuation measured in het-erogeneous soft seabed sediments:Eel River shelf, California. Marine Geology, 182(1):103-119
    Hamilton E L. 1970. Sound velocity and related properties of marine sediments, North Pacific. Journal of Geophysical Research, 75(23):4423-4446
    Hamilton E L, Bachman R T. 1982. Sound velocity and related proper-ties of marine sediments. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of American, 72(6):1891-1904
    Han Tongcheng, Liu Baohua, Kan Guangming, et al. 2012. Joint elast-ic-electrical properties of sediments in the Yellow Sea. Science China:Earth Sciences, 55(1):143-148
    Hines P C, Osler J C, Scrutton J G E, et al. 2010. Time-of-flight meas-urements of acoustic wave speed in a sandy sediment at 0.6-20 kHz. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 35(3):502-515
    Jackson D R, Richardson M D. 2014. High-Frequency Sea Floor Acoustics (in Chinese). Translated by Liu Baohua, Kan Guang-ming, Li Guanbao. Beijing:China Ocean Press
    Kan Guangming, Liu Baohua, Zhao Yuexia, et al. 2011. Self-con-tained in situ sediment acoustic measurement system based on hydraulic driving penetration. High Technology Letters, 17(3):311-316
    Kan Guangming, Su Yuanfeng, Li Guanbao, et al. 2013. Correlation between in-situ sound speeds and physical parameters of sea-floor sediments in the middle area of the southern Yellow Sea. Haiyang Xuebao (in Chinese), 35(3):166-171
    Kim D C, Sung J Y, Park S C, et al. 2001. Physical and acoustic proper-ties of shelf sediments, the South Sea of Korea. Marine Geology, 179(1-2):39-50
    Kim G Y, Kim D C, Yoo D G, et al. 2011. Physical and geoacoustic properties of surface sediment sediments off eastern Geoje Is-land, South Sea of Korea. Quaternary International, 230(1-2):21-33
    Liang Yuanbo, Lu Bo. 1983. Acoustic-physical parameters of sea floor sediments of a low velocity continental shelf area. Tropical Oceanology (in Chinese), 2(3):191-201
    Liu Baohua, Han Tongcheng, Kan Guangming, et al. 2013. Correla-tions between the in situ acoustic properties and geotechnical parameters of sediments in the Yellow Sea, China. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 77:83-90
    Lu Bo, Huang Shaojian, Li Ganxian, et al. 2003. Vertical variations of core sound velocity:evidence of paleooceanographic history since the Pleistocene epoch. Marine Georesources & Geotech-nology, 21(2):63-71
    Lu Bo, Liang Yuanbo. 1991. Correlation of sound velocities and physico-mechanical parameters of marine sediments. Tropic Oceanology (in Chinese), 10(3):96-100
    Lu Bo, Liang Yuanbo. 1995. Seabed sediments physical-acoustic and elastic propertys of sowe area in South China Sea. Marine Sci-ences (in Chinese), 3:42-46
    Lu Bo, Liu Qiang, Li Ganxian. 2010. Grain and pore factors in acous-tic response to seafloor sediments. Marine Georesources & Geotechnology, 28(2):115-129
    Meng Xiangmei, Liu Baohua, Kan Guangming, et al. 2012. An experi-mental study on acoustic properties and their influencing factors of marine sediment in the southern Yellow Sea. Haiy-ang Xuebao (in Chinese), 34(6):74-83
    Ogushwitz P R. 1985. Applicability of the Biot theory:. suspensions. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 77(2):441-451
    Orsi T H, Dunn D A. 1990. Sound velocity and related physical prop-erties of fine-grained abyssal sediments from the Brazil Basin (South Atlantic Ocean). The Journal of the Acoustical Society of American, 88(3):1536-1542
    Orsi T H, Dunn D A. 1991. Correlations between sound velocity and related properties of glacio-marine sediments:Barents Sea. Geo-Marine Letters, 11(2):79-83
    Richardson M D, Briggs K B. 1996. in situ and laboratory geoacoustic measurements in soft mud and hard-packed sand sediments:implications for high-frequency acoustic propagation and scat-tering. Geo-Marine Letters, 16(3):196-203
    Richardson M D, Lavoie D L, Briggs K B. 1997. Geoacoustic and phys-ical properties of carbonate sediments of the lower Florida Keys. Geo-Marine Letters, 17(4):316-324
    Robb G B N, Best A J, Dix J K, et al. 2007. Measurement of the in situ compressional wave properties of marine sediments. IEEE Journal of Oceanic Engineering, 32(2):484-496
    Turgut A, Yamamoto T. 1990. Measurements of acoustic wave velo-cities and attenuation in marine sediments. The Journal of the Acoustical Society of America, 87(6):2376-2382
    Wang Jingqiang, Guo Changsheng, Hou Zhenyu, et al. 2014. Distribu-tions and vertical variation patterns of sound speed of surface sediments in South China Sea. Journal of Asian Earth Sciences, 89:46-53
    Zhu Zuyang, Wang Dong, Zhou Jianping, et al. 2012. Acoustic wave dispersion and attenuation in marine sediment based on par-tially gas-saturated Biot-Stoll model. Chinese Journal of Geo-physics (in Chinese), 55(1):180-188
    Zimmer M A, Bibee L D, Richardson M D. 2010. Measurement of the frequency dependence of the sound speed and attenuation of seafloor sands from 1 to 400 kHz. IEEE Journal of Oceanic En-gineering, 35(3):538-557
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (993) PDF downloads(677) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return