ZHANG Yuyang, HUANG Hui, HUANG Jieying, YOU Feng, LIAN Jiansheng, YANG Jianhui, WEN Colin K. C.. The effects of four transplantation methods on five coral species at the Sanya Bay[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 88-95. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0916-8
Citation: ZHANG Yuyang, HUANG Hui, HUANG Jieying, YOU Feng, LIAN Jiansheng, YANG Jianhui, WEN Colin K. C.. The effects of four transplantation methods on five coral species at the Sanya Bay[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2016, 35(10): 88-95. doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0916-8

The effects of four transplantation methods on five coral species at the Sanya Bay

doi: 10.1007/s13131-016-0916-8
  • Received Date: 2015-02-11
  • Rev Recd Date: 2015-10-19
  • Coral transplantation is considered as one of the major tools to increase coral abundance for degraded coral reefs. To investigate the effects of various methods and coral species in transplantation, coral fragments (n=902) of five coral species were transplanted by four methods at Luhuitou, the Sanya Bay, Hainan Province, China, where the reef has been over-exploited and is still threatened by human activities and natural disasters. Ten months after the transplant, the average survivorship of the transplanted corals was 45.5%. Methodologies had different effects on the transplanted corals, but none of them was efficacious for all coral species. Methodology could not change the decreasing trend for Montipora foliosa and Acropora hyacinthus, although it did slow down their decline. All transplants of A. hyacinthus and M. foliosa had high mortalities and significant decrease on survival area, while Porites andrewsi and Galaxea fascicularis had lower mortalities and partial mortalities. Only one method had significant effect on increasing survival area of G. fascicularis, same as P. andrewsi. Out of the five transplanted coral species, Pocillopora damicornis was the only species that had living tissue area increase in all applied methods, while the others had decreased live tissue area in one or more methods. The results of this study suggested that performing coral transplantation in a highly threatened area was not efficient unless the threats were diminished or erased. Moreover, proper species selection for coral transplantation is crucial, especially in a disturbed environment. Methodology, although having limited effects on improving results of coral transplantation, cannot compensate the maladjustment of vulnerable species to the stresses on the Luhuitou Reef. Coral transplantation on Luhuitou Reef should not be performed unless the stresses are under controlled, and corals with good tolerance to the environment should be considered first.
  • loading
  • Anthony K R N. 1999. Coral suspension feeding on fine particulate matter. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology,232(1):85-106
    Anthony K R N. 2000. Enhanced particle-feeding capacity of corals on turbid reefs (Great Barrier Reef, Australia). Coral Reefs, 19(1):59-67
    Anthony K R N. 2006. Enhanced energy status of corals on coastal, high-turbidity reefs. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 319:111-116
    Anthony K R N, Connolly S R, Hoegh-Guldberg O. 2007. Bleaching, energetics, and coral mortality risk:effects of temperature, light, and sediment regime. Limnology and Oceanography, 52(2):716-726
    Bellwood D R, Hughes T P, Folke C, et al. 2004. Confronting the coral reef crisis. Nature, 429(6994):827-833
    Clark S, Edwards A J. 1995. Coral transplantation as an aid to reef re-habilitation:evaluation of a case study in the Maldive Islands. Coral Reefs, 14(4):201-213
    Dizon R T, Yap H T. 2006. Effects of coral transplantation in sites of varying distances and environmental conditions. Marine Bio-logy, 148(5):933-943
    Edwards A. 2010. Reef Rehabilitation Manual. Melbourne:Doran Printing Fabricius K E, De'ath G, Puotinen M L, et al. 2008. Disturbance gradi-ents on inshore and offshore coral reefs caused by a severe tropical cyclone. Limnology and Oceanography, 53(2):690-704
    Foster K A, Foster G, Tourenq C, et al. 2011. Shifts in coral com-munity structures following cyclone and red tide disturbances within the Gulf of Oman (United Arab Emirates). Marine Bio-logy, 158(5):955-968
    Garrison V, Ward G. 2008. Storm-generated coral fragments-A viable source of transplants for reef rehabilitation. Biological Conser-vation, 141(12):3089-3100
    Grigg R W. 1998. Holocene coral reef accretion in Hawaii:a function of wave exposure and sea level history. Coral Reefs, 17(3):263-272
    Harris P T, Heap A D. 2009. Cyclone-induced net sediment transport pathway on the continental shelf of tropical Australia inferred from reef talus deposits. Continental Shelf Research, 29(16):2011-2019
    Hughes T P, Baird A H, Bellwood D R, et al. 2003. Climate change, hu-man impacts, and the resilience of coral reefs. Science, 301(5635):929-933
    Hughes T P, Huang Hui, Young M A L. 2013. The wicked problem of China's disappearing coral reefs. Conservation Biology, 27(2):261-269
    Li Xiubao, Huang Hui, Lian Jiansheng, et al. 2013. Spatial and tem-poral variations in sediment accumulation and their impacts on coral communities in the Sanya coral reef reserve, Hainan, China. Deep Sea Research Part Ⅱ-Topical Studies in Oceano-graphy, 96:88-96
    Lian Jiansheng, Huang Hui, Huang Liangmin, et al. 2010. Coral Reefs and Their Biodiversities of Sanya Beijing (in Chinese). Beijing:China Ocean Press
    Lindahl U. 2003. Coral reef rehabilitation through transplantation of staghorn corals:effects of artificial stabilization and mechanic-al damages. Coral Reefs, 22(3):217-223
    Lirman D, Thyberg T, Herlan J, et al. 2010. Propagation of the threatened staghorn coral Acropora cervicornis:methods to minimize the impacts of fragment collection and maximize production. Coral Reefs, 29(3):729-735
    Mills M M, Lipschultz F, Sebens K P. 2004. Particulate matter inges-tion and associated nitrogen uptake by four species of sclerac-tinian corals. Coral Reefs, 23(3):311-323
    Nott J. 2006. Tropical cyclones and the evolution of the sedimentary coast of northern Australia. Journal of Coastal Research, 22(1):49-62
    Nowlis J S, Roberts C M, Smith A H, et al. 1997. Human-enhanced im-pacts of a tropical storm on nearshore coral reefs. Ambio, 26(8):515-521
    Nugues M M, Roberts C M. 2003. Partial mortality in massive reef cor-als as an indicator of sediment stress on coral reefs. Marine Pol-lution Bulletin, 46(3):314-323
    Okubo N, Taniguchi H, Motokawa T. 2005. Successful methods for transplanting fragments of Acropora formosa and Acropora hy-acinthus. Coral Reefs, 24(2):333-342
    Piniak G A, Brown E K. 2008. Growth and mortality of coral trans-plants (Pocillopora damicornis) along a range of sediment in-fluence in Maui, Hawai'i. Pacific Science, 62(1):39-55
    Rogers C S. 1990. Responses of coral reefs and reef organisms to sedi-mentation. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 62:185-202
    Rousseau Y, Galzin R, Marechal J P. 2010. Impact of hurricane Dean on coral reef benthic and fish structure of Martinique, French West Indies. Cybium, 34(3):243-256
    Shaish L, Levy G, Gomez E, et al. 2008. Fixed and suspended coral nurseries in the Philippines:establishing the first step in the "gardening concept" of reef restoration. Journal of Experiment-al Marine Biology and Ecology, 358(1):86-97
    Shaish L, Levy G, Katzir G, et al. 2010. Employing a highly fragmen-ted, weedy coral species in reef restoration. Ecological Engin-eering, 36(10):1424-1432
    Soong K, Chen T A. 2003. Coral transplantation:regeneration and growth of Acropora fragments in a nursery. Restoration Ecology, 11(1):62-71
    Stafford-Smith M G. 1993. Sediment-rejection efficiency of 22 species of Australian scleractinian corals. Marine Biology, 115(2):229-243
    Stafford-Smith M G, Ormond R F G. 1992. Sediment-rejection mech-anisms of 42 species of Australian scleractinian corals. Australi-an Journal of Marine and Freshwater Research, 43(4):683-705
    Weber M, Lott C, Fabricius K E. 2006. Sedimentation stress in a scler-actinian coral exposed to terrestrial and marine sediments with contrasting physical, organic and geochemical properties. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 336(1):18-32
    Yap H T. 2004. Differential survival of coral transplants on various substrates under elevated water temperatures. Marine Pollu-tion Bulletin, 49(4):306-312
    Yap H T, Gomez E D. 1985. Growth of Acropora pulchra:Ⅲ. Prelimin-ary observations on the effects of transplantation and sediment on the growth and survival of transplants. Marine Biology, 87(2):203-209
    Zhao Meixia, Yu Kefu, Zhang Qiaomin, et al. 2008. Spatial pattern of coral diversity in Luhuitou fringing reef, Sanya. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 28(4):1419-1428
    Zou Renlin. 2001. Auna Sinica:Hermatypic Coral (in Chinese). Beijing:Science Press
  • 加载中

Catalog

    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Article Metrics

    Article views (939) PDF downloads(509) Cited by()
    Proportional views
    Related

    /

    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint
    Return
    Return