ZHAO Li, ZHAO Yanchu, DONG Yi, ZHAO Yuan, ZHANG Wuchang, XU Jianhong, YU Ying, ZHANG Guangtao, XIAO Tian. Influence of the northern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass on picoplankton distribution around the Zhangzi Island, northern Yellow Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(5): 96-106. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1149-9
Citation: ZHAO Li, ZHAO Yanchu, DONG Yi, ZHAO Yuan, ZHANG Wuchang, XU Jianhong, YU Ying, ZHANG Guangtao, XIAO Tian. Influence of the northern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass on picoplankton distribution around the Zhangzi Island, northern Yellow Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2018, 37(5): 96-106. doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1149-9

Influence of the northern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass on picoplankton distribution around the Zhangzi Island, northern Yellow Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-018-1149-9
  • Received Date: 2017-04-13
  • Rev Recd Date: 2017-07-18
  • Picoplankton distribution around the Zhangzi Island (northern Yellow Sea) was investigated by monthly observation from July 2009 to June 2010. Three picoplankton populations were discriminated by flow cytometry, namely Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and heterotrophic prokaryotes. In summer (from July to September), the edge of the northern Yellow Sea Cold Water Mass (NYSCWM) resulting from water column stratification was observed. In the NYSCWM, picoplankton (including Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and heterotrophic prokaryotes) distributed synchronically with extremely high abundance in the thermocline (20 m) in July and August (especially in August), whereas in the bottom zone of the NYSCWM (below 30 m), picoplankton abundance was quite low. Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and heterotrophic prokaryotes showed similar response to the NYSCWM, indicating they had similar regulating mechanism under the influence of NYSCWM. Whereas in the non-NYSCWM, Synechococcus, picoeukaryotes and heterotrophic prokaryotes exhibited different distribution patterns, suggesting they had different controlling mechanisms. Statistical analysis indicated that temperature, nutrients (NO3 and PO43–) and ciliate were important factors in regulating picoplankton distribution. The results in this study suggested that the physical event NYSCWM, had strong influence on picoplankton distribution around the Zhangzi Island in the northern Yellow Sea.
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