SUN Lina, ZHANG Jie, MENG Junmin. A study of the spatial-temporal distribution and propagation characteristics of internal waves in the Andaman Sea using MODIS[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2019, 38(7): 121-128. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1449-8
Citation: SUN Lina, ZHANG Jie, MENG Junmin. A study of the spatial-temporal distribution and propagation characteristics of internal waves in the Andaman Sea using MODIS[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2019, 38(7): 121-128. doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1449-8

A study of the spatial-temporal distribution and propagation characteristics of internal waves in the Andaman Sea using MODIS

doi: 10.1007/s13131-019-1449-8
  • Received Date: 2018-05-30
  • This paper describes investigations of the internal waves in the Andaman Sea using Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) imagery over the period of June 2010 to May 2016. Results of the spatial and temporal distribution, generation sources and propagation characteristics of internal waves are presented. The statistical analysis shows that internal waves can be observed in almost the entire area of the Andaman Sea. Most internal waves are observed in the northern, central and southern regions of the Andaman Sea. A significant number of internal waves between 7°N and 9°N in the East Indian Ocean are also observed. Internal waves can be observed year-round in the Andaman Sea, while most of internal waves are observed between February and April, with a maximum frequency of 15.03% in March. The seasonal distribution of the internal waves shows that the internal waves have mostly been observed in the dry season (February to April), and fewer internal waves are observed in the rainy season (May to October). The double peak distribution for the occurrence frequency of internal waves is found. With respect to the lunar influence, more internal waves are observed after the spring tide, which implies the spring tide may play an important role in internal wave generation in the Andaman Sea. Generation sources of internal waves are explored based on the propagation characteristics of internal waves. The results indicate that six sources are located between the Andaman Islands and the Nicobar Islands, and one is located in the northern Andaman Sea. Four regions with active internal wave phenomenon in the Andaman Sea were presented during the MODIS survey, and the propagation speed of internal waves calculated based on the semidiurnal generation period is smaller than the results acquired from pairs of the images with short time intervals.
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