Volume 40 Issue 6
Jun.  2021
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Dingyong Huang, Jianjia Wang, Qianhui Zeng, Jiaguang Xiao, Peng Tian, Sujing Fu, Feng Guo, Wentao Niu. Preliminary study on community structures of meiofauna in the middle and eastern Chukchi Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(6): 83-91. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1777-3
Citation: Dingyong Huang, Jianjia Wang, Qianhui Zeng, Jiaguang Xiao, Peng Tian, Sujing Fu, Feng Guo, Wentao Niu. Preliminary study on community structures of meiofauna in the middle and eastern Chukchi Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2021, 40(6): 83-91. doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1777-3

Preliminary study on community structures of meiofauna in the middle and eastern Chukchi Sea

doi: 10.1007/s13131-021-1777-3
Funds:  The National Youth Science Fund under contract No. 41606207; the National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41876176; the Chinese Polar Environment Comprehensive Investigation and Assessment Programs under contract No. CHINARE2013-03-05.
More Information
  • Corresponding author: E-mail: wentaoniu@tio.org.cn
  • Received Date: 2019-12-31
  • Accepted Date: 2020-06-14
  • Available Online: 2021-06-28
  • Publish Date: 2021-06-01
  • Sediment core samples were collected from 17 stations in the middle and eastern Chukchi Sea during the sixth Chinese National Arctic Research Expedition (CHINARE-Arctic) in summer 2014. The samples were analyzed for composition, abundance, biomass, vertical distribution, size spectra, and ecological indexes of meiofauna. A total of 14 meiofauna taxa were detected, and the free-living marine nematodes comprised the most dominant taxon, accounting for 97.21% of the average abundance. The abundance and biomass of meiofauna were within ranges of (218.12±85.83)–(7 239.38±1 557.15) ind./(10 cm2) and (130.28±52.17)–(3 309.56±1 751.80) μg/(10 cm2), with average values of (2 391.90±1 966.19) ind./(10 cm2) and (1 549.73±2 042.85) μg/(10 cm2) (according to dry weight) respectively. Furthermore, 91.26% of the individuals were distributed in the top layer of 0–5 cm of surface sediment, and 90.84% had sizes of 32–250 μm. Group diversity index of meiofauna in the survey area was low, and the variation of abundance was the main difference in meiofauna communities among all stations. Abundance and biomass of meiofauna were not significantly correlated with environmental factors except concentration of nutrient Si in bottom seawater. Abundance of meiofauna in shallow water of marginal seas in the Pacific sector of the Arctic Ocean is likely at a same level and higher than that in most of China sea areas, suggesting that the shallow water of the summer Chukchi Sea is a continental shelf area with rich resources of meiofauna. The Chukchi Sea is important for studying the ecosystem of the Arctic Ocean and environmental responses. However, studies on meiofauna in the Chukchi Sea are still not enough, and in the future, natural and human disturbances may increase due to global warming, the Arctic channel opening, and other factors. Thus, more studies on meiofauna should be required, in order to know more about how the Arctic benthic community would alter.
  • loading
  • [1]
    Alves A S R S. 2015. Use of benthic meiofauna in evaluating marine ecosystems’ health: How useful can free-living marine nematodes be for Ecological Quality Status (EQS) assessment in transitional waters? [dissertation]. Coimbra: University of Coimbra
    Andreasen M H. 2019. Community composition, population structure and phylogeny of coastal sympagic meiofauna in eastern Svalbard [dissertation]. Bergen: University of Bergen
    Barber D G, Hop H, Mundy C J, et al. 2015. Selected physical, biological and biogeochemical implications of a rapidly changing Arctic marginal ice zone. Progress in Oceanography, 139: 122–150. doi: 10.1016/j.pocean.2015.09.003
    Bessière A, Nozais C, Brugel S, et al. 2007. Metazoan meiofauna dynamics and pelagic-benthic coupling in the Southeastern Beaufort Sea, Arctic Ocean. Polar Biology, 30(9): 1123–1135. doi: 10.1007/s00300-007-0270-6
    Cai Lize, Fu Sujing, Yang Jie, et al. 2012. Distribution of meiofaunal abundance in relation to environmental factors in Beibu Gulf, South China Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 31(6): 92–103. doi: 10.1007/s13131-012-0256-2
    Campbell R G, Sherr E B, Ashjian C J, et al. 2009. Mesozooplankton prey preference and grazing impact in the western Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 56(17): 1274–1289. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2008.10.027
    Chen Liqi. 2003. Marine Environment and Air-Sea Interaction in the Arctic Region (in Chinese). Beijing: China Ocean Press, 1-339
    Chertoprud E, Abramova E, Korsun S, et al. 2018. Composition of Harpacticoida (Crustacea, Copepoda) of the Laptev Sea in comparison with faunas of adjacent Arctic seas. Polar Biology, 41(4): 697–712. doi: 10.1007/s00300-017-2229-6
    Daryabor F, Bjerrum C J. 2018. Monitoring Arctic environmental changes through the application of the next generation coupled regional climate model. Modern Approaches in Oceanography and Petrochemical Sciences, 1(3): 37–39
    Du Yongfen, Gao Shu, Liu Xiaoshou, et al. 2018. Meiofauna and nematode community characteristics indicate ecological changes induced by geomorphic evolution: a case study on tidal creek systems. Ecological Indicators, 87: 97–106. doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2017.12.037
    Gemery L. 2012. Spatial and temporal variability in benthic ostracode assemblages in the northern Bering and Chukchi seas, 1976 to 2010 [dissertation]. College Park: University of Maryland
    Grebmeier J M. 1993. Studies of pelagic-benthic coupling extended onto the Soviet continental shelf in the northern Bering and Chukchi seas. Continental Shelf Research, 13(5-6): 653–668. doi: 10.1016/0278-4343(93)90098-I
    Grebmeier J M, Overland J E, Moore S E, et al. 2006. A major ecosystem shift in the northern Bering Sea. Science, 311(5766): 1461–1464. doi: 10.1126/science.1121365
    Hajduk M. 2015. Density and distribution of meiofauna in the northeastern Chukchi Sea [dissertation]. Fairbanks: University of Alaska Fairbanks
    Lee Y, Min J O, Yang E J, et al. 2019. Influence of sea ice concentration on phytoplankton community structure in the Chukchi and East Siberian Seas, Pacific Arctic Ocean. Deep-Sea Research Part I: Oceanographic Research Papers, 147: 54–64. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr.2019.04.001
    Lin Rongcheng, Huang Dingyong, Guo Yuqing, et al. 2014. Abundance and distribution of meiofauna in the Chukchi. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 33(6): 90–94. doi: 10.1007/s13131-014-0493-7
    Liu Xiaoshou, Xu Man, Zhang Jinghuai, et al. 2014. Abundance and biomass of deep-sea meiofauna in the northern South China Sea. Journal of Tropical Oceanography (in Chinese), 33(2): 52–59
    Liu Xiaoshou, Zhang Zhinan, Huang Yong. 2005. Abundance and biomass of meiobenthos in the spawning ground of anchovy (Engraulis japanicus) in the southern Huanghai Sea. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 24(3): 94–104
    Mazurkiewicz M, Górska B, Renaud P E, et al. 2019. Seasonal constancy (summer vs. winter) of benthic size spectra in an Arctic fjord. Polar Biology, 42(7): 1255–1270. doi: 10.1007/s00300-019-02515-2
    Mokievsky V O, Udalov A A, Azovsky A I, et al. 2004. On the quantitative distribution of meiobenthos on the shelf of the world ocean. Oceanology, 44(1): 99–109
    Pfannkuche O, Thiel H. 1987. Meiobenthic stocks and benthic activity on the NE-Svalbard shelf and in the Nansen Basin. Polar Biology, 7(5): 253–266. doi: 10.1007/BF00443943
    Portnova D, Fedyaeva M A, Udalov A A, et al. 2019. Community structure of nematodes in the Laptev Sea shelf with notes on the lives of ice nematodes. Regional Studies in Marine Science, 31: 100757. doi: 10.1016/j.rsma.2019.100757
    Ravelo A M, Konar B, Trefry J H, et al. 2014. Epibenthic community variability in the northeastern Chukchi Sea. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 102: 119–131. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.07.017
    Schonberg S V, Clarke J T, Dunton K H. 2014. Distribution, abundance, biomass and diversity of benthic infauna in the Northeast Chukchi Sea, Alaska: Relation to environmental variables and marine mammals. Deep-Sea Research Part II: Topical Studies in Oceanography, 102: 144–163. doi: 10.1016/j.dsr2.2013.11.004
    Sharma J, Bluhm B A. 2011. Diversity of larger free-living nematodes from macrobenthos (> 250 μm) in the Arctic deep-sea Canada Basin. Marine Biodiversity, 41(3): 455–465. doi: 10.1007/s12526-010-0060-1
    Shi Benze, Yu Tingting, Xu Kuidong. 2015. Abundance and biomass of meiofauna in the Yangtze Estuary and East China Sea in summer, with special reference to changes over the past ten years. Acta Ecologica Sinica (in Chinese), 35(9): 3093–3103
    Snider L J, Burnett B R, Hessler R R. 1984. The composition and distribution of meiofauna and nanobiota in a central North Pacific deep-sea area. Deep-Sea Research Part A: Oceanographic Research Papers, 31(10): 1225–1249
    Soltwedel T. 2000. Metazoan meiobenthos along continental margins: a review. Progress in Oceanography, 46(1): 59–84. doi: 10.1016/S0079-6611(00)00030-6
    Soltwedel T, Portnova D, Kolar I, et al. 2005. The small-sized benthic biota of the Hakon Mosby Mud Volcano (SW Barents Sea slope). Journal of Marine Systems, 55(3–4): 271–290. doi: 10.1016/j.jmarsys.2004.09.001
    Steele M, Ermold W, Zhang Jinlun. 2008. Arctic Ocean surface warming trends over the past 100 years. Geophysical Research Letters, 35(2): L02614
    Vanaverbeke J, Arbizu P M, Dahms H U, et al. 1997. The metazoan meiobenthos along a depth gradient in the Arctic Laptev Sea with special attention to nematode communities. Polar Biology, 18(6): 391–401. doi: 10.1007/s003000050205
    Wang Zhe, Zhang Ren, Ge Shanshan, et al. 2017. Natural environment risk division of the Arctic northeast channel-Taking the Northern Sea Area of Russia as an example. The Ocean Engineering (in Chinese), 35(5): 61–70
    Widbom B. 1984. Determination of average individual dry weights and ash-free dry weights in different sieve fractions of marine meiofauna. Marine Biology, 84(1): 101–108. doi: 10.1007/BF00394532
    Wu Yue, Cao Shunan, He Jianfeng, et al. 2019. Community structure of picoeukaryotes in the Chukchi Sea and their relationship with environmental factors. Chinese Journal of Polar Research (in Chinese), 31(1): 25–33
    Wu Shaoyuan, Mu Fanghong. 2009. Meiobenthos in southern coast of Shandong province in winter. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 40(6): 682–691
    Xu Man, Liu Xiaoshou, Liu Qinghe, et al. 2015. Assemblage composition and distribution of meiofauna in the southern Yellow Sea cold water mass during summer and autumn. Chinese Journal of Applied Ecology (in Chinese), 26(2): 616–624
    Zeng Qianhui. 2016. Meiofaunal communities in the study area of the Bering Sea and Chukchi Sea in summer (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Xiamen: Third Institute of Oceanography, State Oceanic Administration
    Zhang Yuhong. 2009. Density and biomass of meiofauna in the Taiwan Strait and its adjacent waters (in Chinese) [dissertation]. Xiamen: Xiamen University
    Zhang Zhinan, Zhou Hong, Hua Er, et al. 2017. Meiofauna study for the forty years in China: Progress and prospect. Oceanologia et Limnologia Sinica (in Chinese), 48(4): 657–671
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索

    Figures(8)  / Tables(8)

    Article Metrics

    Article views (239) PDF downloads(15) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint