Volume 43 Issue 3
Mar.  2024
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Cuijuan Sui, Lejiang Yu, Alexey Yu. Karpechko, Licheng Feng, Shan Liu. Influence of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on Antarctic surface air temperature during 1900 to 2015[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2024, 43(3): 48-58. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2247-x
Citation: Cuijuan Sui, Lejiang Yu, Alexey Yu. Karpechko, Licheng Feng, Shan Liu. Influence of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on Antarctic surface air temperature during 1900 to 2015[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica, 2024, 43(3): 48-58. doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2247-x

Influence of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation on Antarctic surface air temperature during 1900 to 2015

doi: 10.1007/s13131-023-2247-x
Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract No. 41976221; the National Key Scientific and Technological Infrastructure Project “Earth System Numerical Simulation Facility” (EarthLab).
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: yulejiang@sina.com.cn
  • Received Date: 2023-06-25
  • Accepted Date: 2023-08-24
  • Available Online: 2024-03-12
  • Publish Date: 2024-03-25
  • The importance of the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) and Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation (IPO) in influencing zonally asymmetric changes in Antarctic surface air temperature (SAT) has been established. However, previous studies have primarily concentrated on examining the combined impact of the contrasting phases of the AMO and IPO, which have been dominant since the advent of satellite observations in 1979. This study utilizes long-term reanalysis data to investigate the impact of four combinations of +AMO+IPO, –AMO–IPO, +AMO–IPO, and –AMO+IPO on Antarctic SAT over the past 115 years. The +AMO phase is characterized by a spatial mean temperature amplitude of up to 0.5℃ over the North Atlantic Ocean, accompanied by positive sea surface temperature (SST) anomalies in the tropical eastern Pacific and negative SST anomalies in the extratropical-mid-latitude western Pacific, which are indicative of the +IPO phase. The Antarctic SAT exhibits contrasting spatial patterns during the +AMO+IPO and +AMO–IPO periods. However, during the –AMO+IPO period, apart from the Antarctic Peninsula and the vicinity of the Weddell Sea, the entire Antarctic region experiences a warming trend. The most pronounced signal in the SAT anomalies is observed during the austral autumn, whereas the combination of –AMO and –IPO exhibits the smallest magnitude across all the combinations. The wavetrain excited by the SST anomalies associated with the AMO and IPO induces upper-level and surface atmospheric circulation anomalies, which alter the SAT anomalies. Furthermore, downward longwave radiation anomalies related to anomalous cloud cover play a crucial role. In the future, if the phases of AMO and IPO were to reverse (AMO transitioning to a negative phase and IPO transitioning to a positive phase), Antarctica could potentially face more pronounced warming and accelerated melting compared to the current observations.
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