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Tong Li, Jihui Zhang, Dongling Li, Chengxu Zhou, Chenxi Liu, Hao Xu, Bing Song, Longbin Sha. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in coastal areas: a case study in Lianjiang, East China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica.
Citation: Tong Li, Jihui Zhang, Dongling Li, Chengxu Zhou, Chenxi Liu, Hao Xu, Bing Song, Longbin Sha. Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in coastal areas: a case study in Lianjiang, East China Sea[J]. Acta Oceanologica Sinica.

Diatoms as indicators of environmental change in coastal areas: a case study in Lianjiang, East China Sea

Funds:  The National Natural Science Foundation of China under contract Nos 42376236 and 42176226.
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  • Corresponding author: E-mail: lidongling@nbu.edu.cn; shalongbin@nbu.edu.cn
  • Accepted Date: 2023-09-26
  • Available Online: 2024-04-23
  • Owing to the significant differences in environmental characteristics and explanatory factors among estuarine and coastal regions, research on diatom transfer functions and database establishment remains incomplete. This study analysed diatoms in surface sediment samples and a sediment core from the Lianjiang coast of the East China Sea, together with environmental variables. Principal component analysis of the environmental variables showed that sea surface salinity (SSS) and sea surface temperature were the most important factors controlling hydrological conditions in the Lianjiang coastal area, whereas canonical correspondence analysis indicated that SSS and pH were the main environmental factors affecting diatom distribution. Based on the modern diatom species–environmental variable database, we developed a diatom-based SSS transfer function to quantitatively reconstruct the variability in SSS between 1984 and 2021 for sediment core HK3 from the Lianjiang coastal area. The agreement between the reconstructed SSS and instrument SSS data from 1984–2021 suggests that diatom-based SSS reconstruction is reliable for studying past SSS variability in the Lianjiang coastal area. Three low SSS events in AD 2019, 2013, and 1999, together with an increased relative concentration of freshwater diatom species and coarser sediment grain sizes, corresponded to two super-typhoon events and a catastrophic flooding event in Lianjiang County. Thus, a diatom-based SSS transfer function for reconstructing past SSS variability in the estuarine and coastal areas of the East China Sea can be further used to reflect the paleoenvironmental events in this region.
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